Compare any two graphics cards:
Radeon HD 4350 vs Radeon HD 5450
IntroThe Radeon HD 4350 features clock speeds of 575 MHz on the GPU, and 500 MHz on the 512 MB of DDR2 RAM. It features 80(16x5) SPUs as well as 8 TAUs and 4 ROPs.
Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 5450, which uses a 40 nm design. AMD has set the core frequency at 650 MHz. The DDR3 RAM is set to run at a frequency of 800 MHz on this particular card. It features 80(16x5) SPUs along with 8 Texture Address Units and 4 Rasterization Operator Units.
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
In theory, the Radeon HD 5450 should perform much faster than the Radeon HD 4350 overall. (explain)
Texel RateThe Radeon HD 5450 should be just a bit (about 13%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon HD 4350. (explain)
Pixel RateIf running with a high resolution is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5450 is a better choice, but not by far. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of data (counted in MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in a second. It is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the video card could possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.