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GeForce 8400 GS 512MB vs GeForce 9500 GT DDR2

Intro

The GeForce 8400 GS 512MB makes use of a 80 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core speed at 650 MHz. The DDR2 memory runs at a speed of 400 MHz on this model. It features 16 SPUs as well as 8 TAUs and 4 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare all that to the GeForce 9500 GT DDR2, which features clock speeds of 550 MHz on the GPU, and 500 MHz on the 256 MB of DDR2 memory. It features 32 SPUs as well as 16 Texture Address Units and 8 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 40 Watts
GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 50 Watts
Difference: 10 Watts (25%)

Memory Bandwidth

The GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 should theoretically perform quite a bit faster than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB in general. (explain)

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 16000 MB/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 6400 MB/sec
Difference: 9600 (150%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 will be a lot (more or less 69%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB. (explain)

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 8800 Mtexels/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 5200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 3600 (69%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 should be a lot (more or less 69%) more effective at anti-aliasing than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB, and able to handle higher resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 4400 Mpixels/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 2600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 1800 (69%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce 8400 GS 512MB

Amazon.com

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model GeForce 8400 GS 512MB GeForce 9500 GT DDR2
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year June 2007 July 2008
Code Name G86 G96a
Fab Process 80 nm 65 nm
Bus PCIe x16, PCI PCIe x16 2.0, PCI
Memory 512 MB 256 MB
Core Speed 650 MHz 550 MHz
Shader Speed 1100 MHz 1400 MHz
Memory Speed 400 MHz (800 MHz effective) 500 MHz (1000 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 16 32
Texture Mapping Units 8 16
Render Output Units 4 8
Bus Type DDR2 DDR2
Bus Width 64-bit 128-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 10
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.0
Power (Max TDP) 40 watts 50 watts
Shader Model 4.0 4.0
Bandwidth 6400 MB/sec 16000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 5200 Mtexels/sec 8800 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 2600 Mpixels/sec 4400 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (counted in MB per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface within a second. It's calculated by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card could possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

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