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GeForce 8400 GS 512MB vs GeForce 9500 GT DDR2

Intro

The GeForce 8400 GS 512MB features a core clock speed of 650 MHz and a DDR2 memory speed of 400 MHz. It also makes use of a 64-bit bus, and uses a 80 nm design. It is comprised of 16 SPUs, 8 TAUs, and 4 ROPs.

Compare all that to the GeForce 9500 GT DDR2, which makes use of a 65 nm design. nVidia has set the core frequency at 550 MHz. The DDR2 RAM runs at a frequency of 500 MHz on this particular model. It features 32 SPUs along with 16 Texture Address Units and 8 ROPs.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 40 Watts
GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 50 Watts
Difference: 10 Watts (25%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 is 150% quicker than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB in general, because of its greater data rate. (explain)

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 16000 MB/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 6400 MB/sec
Difference: 9600 (150%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 should be much (about 69%) better at AF than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB. (explain)

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 8800 Mtexels/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 5200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 3600 (69%)

Pixel Rate

If running with high levels of AA is important to you, then the GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 is the winner, and very much so. (explain)

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 4400 Mpixels/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 2600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 1800 (69%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce 8400 GS 512MB

Amazon.com

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce 8400 GS 512MB GeForce 9500 GT DDR2
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year June 2007 July 2008
Code Name G86 G96a
Memory 512 MB 256 MB
Core Speed 650 MHz 550 MHz
Memory Speed 800 MHz 1000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 40 watts 50 watts
Bandwidth 6400 MB/sec 16000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 5200 Mtexels/sec 8800 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 2600 Mpixels/sec 4400 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 16 32
Texture Mapping Units 8 16
Render Output Units 4 8
Bus Type DDR2 DDR2
Bus Width 64-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 80 nm 65 nm
Transistors 210 million 314 million
Bus PCIe x16, PCI PCIe x16 2.0, PCI
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 10
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in one second. It is calculated by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the video card can possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

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