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GeForce 8400 GS 512MB vs GeForce 9500 GT DDR2

Intro

The GeForce 8400 GS 512MB uses a 80 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core frequency at 650 MHz. The DDR2 RAM runs at a frequency of 400 MHz on this particular card. It features 16 SPUs as well as 8 Texture Address Units and 4 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare all of that to the GeForce 9500 GT DDR2, which has GPU core speed of 550 MHz, and 256 MB of DDR2 memory running at 500 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is comprised of 32 Stream Processors, 16 TAUs, and 8 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 40 Watts
GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 50 Watts
Difference: 10 Watts (25%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 should be 150% faster than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB in general, due to its higher data rate. (explain)

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 16000 MB/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 6400 MB/sec
Difference: 9600 (150%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 will be much (approximately 69%) better at texture filtering than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB. (explain)

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 8800 Mtexels/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 5200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 3600 (69%)

Pixel Rate

If using lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 is a better choice, by far. (explain)

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 4400 Mpixels/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 2600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 1800 (69%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce 8400 GS 512MB

Amazon.com

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model GeForce 8400 GS 512MB GeForce 9500 GT DDR2
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year June 2007 July 2008
Code Name G86 G96a
Fab Process 80 nm 65 nm
Bus PCIe x16, PCI PCIe x16 2.0, PCI
Memory 512 MB 256 MB
Core Speed 650 MHz 550 MHz
Shader Speed 1100 MHz 1400 MHz
Memory Speed 400 MHz (800 MHz effective) 500 MHz (1000 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 16 32
Texture Mapping Units 8 16
Render Output Units 4 8
Bus Type DDR2 DDR2
Bus Width 64-bit 128-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 10
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.0
Power (Max TDP) 40 watts 50 watts
Shader Model 4.0 4.0
Bandwidth 6400 MB/sec 16000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 5200 Mtexels/sec 8800 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 2600 Mpixels/sec 4400 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

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