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GeForce 8400 GS 512MB vs GeForce 9500 GT DDR2

Intro

The GeForce 8400 GS 512MB comes with a core clock frequency of 650 MHz and a DDR2 memory speed of 400 MHz. It also features a 64-bit bus, and uses a 80 nm design. It features 16 SPUs, 8 Texture Address Units, and 4 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specifications to the GeForce 9500 GT DDR2, which features a core clock speed of 550 MHz and a DDR2 memory frequency of 500 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit memory bus, and uses a 65 nm design. It is comprised of 32 SPUs, 16 Texture Address Units, and 8 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 40 Watts
GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 50 Watts
Difference: 10 Watts (25%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 should theoretically be much better than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB overall. (explain)

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 16000 MB/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 6400 MB/sec
Difference: 9600 (150%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 will be a lot (more or less 69%) more effective at texture filtering than the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB. (explain)

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 8800 Mtexels/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 5200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 3600 (69%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high resolution is important to you, then the GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 is superior to the GeForce 8400 GS 512MB, and very much so. (explain)

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2 4400 Mpixels/sec
GeForce 8400 GS 512MB 2600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 1800 (69%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce 8400 GS 512MB

Amazon.com

GeForce 9500 GT DDR2

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model GeForce 8400 GS 512MB GeForce 9500 GT DDR2
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year June 2007 July 2008
Code Name G86 G96a
Fab Process 80 nm 65 nm
Bus PCIe x16, PCI PCIe x16 2.0, PCI
Memory 512 MB 256 MB
Core Speed 650 MHz 550 MHz
Shader Speed 1100 MHz 1400 MHz
Memory Speed 400 MHz (800 MHz effective) 500 MHz (1000 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 16 32
Texture Mapping Units 8 16
Render Output Units 4 8
Bus Type DDR2 DDR2
Bus Width 64-bit 128-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 10
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.0
Power (Max TDP) 40 watts 50 watts
Shader Model 4.0 4.0
Bandwidth 6400 MB/sec 16000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 5200 Mtexels/sec 8800 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 2600 Mpixels/sec 4400 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of data (counted in MB per second) that can be transported past the external memory interface within a second. The number is calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

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