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Radeon RX 5500 vs Radeon RX 590

Intro

The Radeon RX 5500 features a clock speed of 1670 MHz and a GDDR6 memory speed of 14000 MHz. It also makes use of a 128-bit memory bus, and uses a 7 nm design. It is made up of 1408 SPUs, 88 TAUs, and 32 ROPs.

Compare all that to the Radeon RX 590, which makes use of a 12 nm design. AMD has set the core speed at 1469 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM runs at a frequency of 2000 MHz on this card. It features 2304 SPUs along with 144 TAUs and 32 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5500 150 Watts
Radeon RX 590 175 Watts
Difference: 25 Watts (17%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon RX 590 should theoretically be a little bit faster than the Radeon RX 5500 overall. (explain)

Radeon RX 590 262144 MB/sec
Radeon RX 5500 229376 MB/sec
Difference: 32768 (14%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 590 should be quite a bit (approximately 44%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon RX 5500. (explain)

Radeon RX 590 211536 Mtexels/sec
Radeon RX 5500 146960 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 64576 (44%)

Pixel Rate

If running with high levels of AA is important to you, then the Radeon RX 5500 is the winner, though not by far. (explain)

Radeon RX 5500 53440 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 590 47008 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 6432 (14%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon RX 5500

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 590

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon RX 5500 Radeon RX 590
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 2019 November 2018
Code Name Navi 14 XT Polaris 30
Memory 4096 MB 8192 MB
Core Speed 1670 MHz 1469 MHz
Memory Speed 14000 GB/s 8000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 150 watts 175 watts
Bandwidth 229376 MB/sec 262144 MB/sec
Texel Rate 146960 Mtexels/sec 211536 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 53440 Mpixels/sec 47008 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1408 2304
Texture Mapping Units 88 144
Render Output Units 32 32
Bus Type GDDR6 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 7 nm 12 nm
Transistors 6400 million 5700 million
Bus PCIe 4.0 ×16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 12 DirectX 12.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.6 OpenGL 4.5

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (measured in MB per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in a second. It is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly record to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon RX 5500

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 590

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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