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Radeon RX 5500 vs Radeon RX 590

Intro

The Radeon RX 5500 has a GPU clock speed of 1670 MHz, and the 4096 MB of GDDR6 RAM is set to run at 14000 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is comprised of 1408 Stream Processors, 88 TAUs, and 32 ROPs.

Compare all that to the Radeon RX 590, which has a GPU core clock speed of 1469 MHz, and 8192 MB of GDDR5 memory set to run at 2000 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is comprised of 2304 Stream Processors, 144 Texture Address Units, and 32 ROPs.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5500 150 Watts
Radeon RX 590 175 Watts
Difference: 25 Watts (17%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon RX 590, in theory, should perform just a bit faster than the Radeon RX 5500 in general. (explain)

Radeon RX 590 262144 MB/sec
Radeon RX 5500 229376 MB/sec
Difference: 32768 (14%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 590 will be quite a bit (approximately 44%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon RX 5500. (explain)

Radeon RX 590 211536 Mtexels/sec
Radeon RX 5500 146960 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 64576 (44%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon RX 5500 should be a bit (about 14%) more effective at anti-aliasing than the Radeon RX 590, and also should be able to handle higher resolutions more effectively. (explain)

Radeon RX 5500 53440 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 590 47008 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 6432 (14%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon RX 5500

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 590

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon RX 5500 Radeon RX 590
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 2019 November 2018
Code Name Navi 14 XT Polaris 30
Memory 4096 MB 8192 MB
Core Speed 1670 MHz 1469 MHz
Memory Speed 14000 GB/s 8000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 150 watts 175 watts
Bandwidth 229376 MB/sec 262144 MB/sec
Texel Rate 146960 Mtexels/sec 211536 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 53440 Mpixels/sec 47008 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1408 2304
Texture Mapping Units 88 144
Render Output Units 32 32
Bus Type GDDR6 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 7 nm 12 nm
Transistors 6400 million 5700 million
Bus PCIe 4.0 ×16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 12 DirectX 12.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.6 OpenGL 4.5

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface in one second. It is worked out by multiplying the bus width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR type memory, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly record to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon RX 5500

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 590

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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