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Radeon R9 290X vs Radeon RX 5600 XT

Intro

The Radeon R9 290X uses a 28 nm design. AMD has set the core speed at 800 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a speed of 1250 MHz on this card. It features 2816 SPUs along with 176 TAUs and 64 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon RX 5600 XT, which makes use of a 7 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 1375 MHz. The GDDR6 memory runs at a speed of 14000 MHz on this specific card. It features 2304 SPUs along with 144 TAUs and 64 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 160 Watts
Radeon R9 290X 300 Watts
Difference: 140 Watts (88%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the Radeon RX 5600 XT should theoretically be just a bit superior to the Radeon R9 290X overall. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 344064 MB/sec
Radeon R9 290X 320000 MB/sec
Difference: 24064 (8%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 5600 XT will be much (about 41%) better at AF than the Radeon R9 290X. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 198000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R9 290X 140800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 57200 (41%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon RX 5600 XT should be a lot (more or less 72%) faster with regards to FSAA than the Radeon R9 290X, and also able to handle higher screen resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 88000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R9 290X 51200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 36800 (72%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon R9 290X

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon R9 290X Radeon RX 5600 XT
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 2013 January 2020
Code Name Hawaii XT Navi 10 XLE
Memory 4096 MB 6144 MB
Core Speed 800 MHz 1375 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 28000 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 300 watts 160 watts
Bandwidth 320000 MB/sec 344064 MB/sec
Texel Rate 140800 Mtexels/sec 198000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 51200 Mpixels/sec 88000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2816 2304
Texture Mapping Units 176 144
Render Output Units 64 64
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR6
Bus Width 512-bit 192-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 7 nm
Transistors 6200 million 10300 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 ×16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.2 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip could possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

Radeon R9 290X

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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