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Radeon R9 290X vs Radeon RX 5600 XT

Intro

The Radeon R9 290X features a clock frequency of 800 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1250 MHz. It also uses a 512-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It is made up of 2816 SPUs, 176 Texture Address Units, and 64 Raster Operation Units.

Compare all of that to the Radeon RX 5600 XT, which makes use of a 7 nm design. AMD has set the core speed at 1375 MHz. The GDDR6 memory runs at a speed of 14000 MHz on this particular model. It features 2304 SPUs along with 144 TAUs and 64 Rasterization Operator Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 160 Watts
Radeon R9 290X 300 Watts
Difference: 140 Watts (88%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Radeon RX 5600 XT is 8% quicker than the Radeon R9 290X in general, because of its greater bandwidth. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 344064 MB/sec
Radeon R9 290X 320000 MB/sec
Difference: 24064 (8%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 5600 XT will be quite a bit (about 41%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon R9 290X. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 198000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R9 290X 140800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 57200 (41%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high screen resolution is important to you, then the Radeon RX 5600 XT is a better choice, by far. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 88000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R9 290X 51200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 36800 (72%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon R9 290X

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon R9 290X Radeon RX 5600 XT
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 2013 January 2020
Code Name Hawaii XT Navi 10 XLE
Memory 4096 MB 6144 MB
Core Speed 800 MHz 1375 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 28000 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 300 watts 160 watts
Bandwidth 320000 MB/sec 344064 MB/sec
Texel Rate 140800 Mtexels/sec 198000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 51200 Mpixels/sec 88000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2816 2304
Texture Mapping Units 176 144
Render Output Units 64 64
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR6
Bus Width 512-bit 192-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 7 nm
Transistors 6200 million 10300 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 ×16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.2 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card can possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

Radeon R9 290X

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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