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Radeon R9 290X vs Radeon RX 5600 XT

Intro

The Radeon R9 290X features a GPU clock speed of 800 MHz, and the 4096 MB of GDDR5 RAM runs at 1250 MHz through a 512-bit bus. It also is made up of 2816 SPUs, 176 TAUs, and 64 Raster Operation Units.

Compare all that to the Radeon RX 5600 XT, which has core speeds of 1375 MHz on the GPU, and 14000 MHz on the 6144 MB of GDDR6 memory. It features 2304 SPUs as well as 144 Texture Address Units and 64 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 160 Watts
Radeon R9 290X 300 Watts
Difference: 140 Watts (88%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon RX 5600 XT should theoretically be just a bit better than the Radeon R9 290X in general. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 344064 MB/sec
Radeon R9 290X 320000 MB/sec
Difference: 24064 (8%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 5600 XT is a lot (approximately 41%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the Radeon R9 290X. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 198000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R9 290X 140800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 57200 (41%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon RX 5600 XT should be much (approximately 72%) faster with regards to anti-aliasing than the Radeon R9 290X, and will be able to handle higher resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 88000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R9 290X 51200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 36800 (72%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon R9 290X

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon R9 290X Radeon RX 5600 XT
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 2013 January 2020
Code Name Hawaii XT Navi 10 XLE
Memory 4096 MB 6144 MB
Core Speed 800 MHz 1375 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 28000 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 300 watts 160 watts
Bandwidth 320000 MB/sec 344064 MB/sec
Texel Rate 140800 Mtexels/sec 198000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 51200 Mpixels/sec 88000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2816 2304
Texture Mapping Units 176 144
Render Output Units 64 64
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR6
Bus Width 512-bit 192-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 7 nm
Transistors 6200 million 10300 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 ×16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.2 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface within a second. It is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card can possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

Radeon R9 290X

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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