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Radeon R9 290X vs Radeon RX 5600 XT

Intro

The Radeon R9 290X features a clock speed of 800 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1250 MHz. It also features a 512-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is made up of 2816 SPUs, 176 TAUs, and 64 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon RX 5600 XT, which comes with GPU core speed of 1375 MHz, and 6144 MB of GDDR6 RAM running at 1500 MHz through a 192-bit bus. It also is made up of 2304 SPUs, 144 TAUs, and 64 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 160 Watts
Radeon R9 290X 300 Watts
Difference: 140 Watts (88%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon RX 5600 XT, in theory, should be a bit faster than the Radeon R9 290X overall. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 344064 MB/sec
Radeon R9 290X 320000 MB/sec
Difference: 24064 (8%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 5600 XT will be a lot (approximately 41%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon R9 290X. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 198000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R9 290X 140800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 57200 (41%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high screen resolution is important to you, then the Radeon RX 5600 XT is the winner, by far. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 XT 88000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R9 290X 51200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 36800 (72%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon R9 290X

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon R9 290X Radeon RX 5600 XT
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 2013 January 2020
Code Name Hawaii XT Navi 10 XLE
Memory 4096 MB 6144 MB
Core Speed 800 MHz 1375 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 3000 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 300 watts 160 watts
Bandwidth 320000 MB/sec 344064 MB/sec
Texel Rate 140800 Mtexels/sec 198000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 51200 Mpixels/sec 88000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2816 2304
Texture Mapping Units 176 144
Render Output Units 64 64
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR6
Bus Width 512-bit 192-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 7 nm
Transistors 6200 million 10300 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 ×16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.2 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transported past the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card could possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate also depends on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

Radeon R9 290X

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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