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Radeon R9 290X vs Radeon RX 5600

Intro

The Radeon R9 290X has a clock frequency of 800 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1250 MHz. It also uses a 512-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It is comprised of 2816 SPUs, 176 TAUs, and 64 Raster Operation Units.

Compare that to the Radeon RX 5600, which has a clock frequency of 1375 MHz and a GDDR6 memory speed of 12000 MHz. It also uses a 192-bit memory bus, and uses a 7 nm design. It is comprised of 2048 SPUs, 128 Texture Address Units, and 64 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5600 150 Watts
Radeon R9 290X 300 Watts
Difference: 150 Watts (100%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon R9 290X should in theory perform just a bit faster than the Radeon RX 5600 overall. (explain)

Radeon R9 290X 320000 MB/sec
Radeon RX 5600 294912 MB/sec
Difference: 25088 (9%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 5600 will be quite a bit (about 25%) more effective at texture filtering than the Radeon R9 290X. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 176000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R9 290X 140800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 35200 (25%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high screen resolution is important to you, then the Radeon RX 5600 is a better choice, and very much so. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 88000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R9 290X 51200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 36800 (72%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon R9 290X

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon R9 290X Radeon RX 5600
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 2013 January 2020
Code Name Hawaii XT Navi 10 XE
Memory 4096 MB 6144 MB
Core Speed 800 MHz 1375 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 24000 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 300 watts 150 watts
Bandwidth 320000 MB/sec 294912 MB/sec
Texel Rate 140800 Mtexels/sec 176000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 51200 Mpixels/sec 88000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2816 2048
Texture Mapping Units 176 128
Render Output Units 64 64
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR6
Bus Width 512-bit 192-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 7 nm
Transistors 6200 million 10300 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 ×16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.2 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface within a second. It is calculated by multiplying the interface width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR type memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly record to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

Radeon R9 290X

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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