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Radeon RX 550 vs Radeon RX 5600

Intro

The Radeon RX 550 features a GPU core clock speed of 1100 MHz, and the 2048 MB of GDDR5 RAM runs at 1750 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is comprised of 512 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.

Compare all that to the Radeon RX 5600, which uses a 7 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 1375 MHz. The GDDR6 RAM runs at a speed of 1500 MHz on this specific card. It features 2048 SPUs as well as 128 Texture Address Units and 64 Rasterization Operator Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 550 50 Watts
Radeon RX 5600 150 Watts
Difference: 100 Watts (200%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Radeon RX 5600 is 157% faster than the Radeon RX 550 overall, because of its greater data rate. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 294912 MB/sec
Radeon RX 550 114688 MB/sec
Difference: 180224 (157%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 5600 is much (approximately 400%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon RX 550. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 176000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon RX 550 35200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 140800 (400%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high resolution is important to you, then the Radeon RX 5600 is a better choice, and very much so. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 88000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 550 17600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 70400 (400%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon RX 550

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon RX 550 Radeon RX 5600
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year April 2017 January 2020
Code Name Polaris 12 Navi 10 XE
Memory 2048 MB 6144 MB
Core Speed 1100 MHz 1375 MHz
Memory Speed 7000 MHz 3000 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 50 watts 150 watts
Bandwidth 114688 MB/sec 294912 MB/sec
Texel Rate 35200 Mtexels/sec 176000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 17600 Mpixels/sec 88000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 512 2048
Texture Mapping Units 32 128
Render Output Units 16 64
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR6
Bus Width 128-bit 192-bit
Fab Process 14 nm 7 nm
Transistors 2200 million 10300 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 ×16
DirectX Version DirectX 12.0 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.5 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface in one second. It's worked out by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card can possibly record to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon RX 550

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5600

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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