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Radeon RX 5600 vs Radeon RX 590

Intro

The Radeon RX 5600 features a GPU clock speed of 1375 MHz, and the 6144 MB of GDDR6 memory runs at 12000 MHz through a 192-bit bus. It also features 2048 SPUs, 128 TAUs, and 64 Raster Operation Units.

Compare all that to the Radeon RX 590, which uses a 12 nm design. AMD has set the core speed at 1469 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM runs at a frequency of 2000 MHz on this model. It features 2304 SPUs as well as 144 Texture Address Units and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 5600 150 Watts
Radeon RX 590 175 Watts
Difference: 25 Watts (17%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically, the Radeon RX 5600 should perform a little bit faster than the Radeon RX 590 overall. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 294912 MB/sec
Radeon RX 590 262144 MB/sec
Difference: 32768 (13%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 590 is just a bit (more or less 20%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the Radeon RX 5600. (explain)

Radeon RX 590 211536 Mtexels/sec
Radeon RX 5600 176000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 35536 (20%)

Pixel Rate

If using lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the Radeon RX 5600 is superior to the Radeon RX 590, by a large margin. (explain)

Radeon RX 5600 88000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 590 47008 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 40992 (87%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon RX 5600

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 590

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon RX 5600 Radeon RX 590
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year January 2020 November 2018
Code Name Navi 10 XE Polaris 30
Memory 6144 MB 8192 MB
Core Speed 1375 MHz 1469 MHz
Memory Speed 12000 GB/s 8000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 150 watts 175 watts
Bandwidth 294912 MB/sec 262144 MB/sec
Texel Rate 176000 Mtexels/sec 211536 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 88000 Mpixels/sec 47008 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2048 2304
Texture Mapping Units 128 144
Render Output Units 64 32
Bus Type GDDR6 GDDR5
Bus Width 192-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 7 nm 12 nm
Transistors 10300 million 5700 million
Bus PCIe 4.0 ×16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 12 DirectX 12.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.6 OpenGL 4.5

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface in a second. The number is calculated by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This is calculated by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics card could possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon RX 5600

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 590

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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