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GeForce GTX 1080 vs Radeon RX 5700 XT

Intro

The GeForce GTX 1080 makes use of a 16 nm design. nVidia has set the core speed at 1607 MHz. The GDDR5X RAM works at a frequency of 1251 MHz on this particular model. It features 2560 SPUs along with 160 Texture Address Units and 64 ROPs.

Compare all that to the Radeon RX 5700 XT, which features a core clock frequency of 1605 MHz and a GDDR6 memory frequency of 1750 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit bus, and uses a 7 nm design. It is made up of 2560 SPUs, 160 TAUs, and 64 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 1080 180 Watts
Radeon RX 5700 XT 225 Watts
Difference: 45 Watts (25%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Radeon RX 5700 XT will be 40% quicker than the GeForce GTX 1080 in general, due to its greater data rate. (explain)

Radeon RX 5700 XT 458752 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 1080 327680 MB/sec
Difference: 131072 (40%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 1080 will be just a bit (about 0%) better at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon RX 5700 XT. (explain)

GeForce GTX 1080 257120 Mtexels/sec
Radeon RX 5700 XT 256800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 320 (0%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 1080 will be a bit (approximately 0%) more effective at AA than the Radeon RX 5700 XT, and also will be able to handle higher screen resolutions more effectively. (explain)

GeForce GTX 1080 102848 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 5700 XT 102720 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 128 (0%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 1080

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5700 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 1080 Radeon RX 5700 XT
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year May 2016 July 2019
Code Name GP104-400 Navi 10
Memory 8192 MB 8096 MB
Core Speed 1607 MHz 1605 MHz
Memory Speed 10008 MHz 3500 GB/s
Power (Max TDP) 180 watts 225 watts
Bandwidth 327680 MB/sec 458752 MB/sec
Texel Rate 257120 Mtexels/sec 256800 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 102848 Mpixels/sec 102720 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2560 2560
Texture Mapping Units 160 160
Render Output Units 64 64
Bus Type GDDR5X GDDR6
Bus Width 256-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 16 nm 7 nm
Transistors 7200 million 10300 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 4.0 ×16
DirectX Version DirectX 12.0 DirectX 12
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.5 OpenGL 4.6

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics card can possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

GeForce GTX 1080

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 5700 XT

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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