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GeForce 8600 GT 512MB DDR2 vs Radeon RX 590

Intro

The GeForce 8600 GT 512MB DDR2 uses a 80 nm design. nVidia has set the core frequency at 540 MHz. The DDR2 memory is set to run at a speed of 400 MHz on this particular card. It features 32 SPUs along with 16 TAUs and 8 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare that to the Radeon RX 590, which uses a 12 nm design. AMD has set the core frequency at 1469 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a speed of 2000 MHz on this model. It features 2304 SPUs along with 144 Texture Address Units and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce 8600 GT 512MB DDR2 47 Watts
Radeon RX 590 175 Watts
Difference: 128 Watts (272%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon RX 590 will be 1948% faster than the GeForce 8600 GT 512MB DDR2 overall, because of its higher data rate. (explain)

Radeon RX 590 262144 MB/sec
GeForce 8600 GT 512MB DDR2 12800 MB/sec
Difference: 249344 (1948%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 590 is a lot (more or less 2348%) better at AF than the GeForce 8600 GT 512MB DDR2. (explain)

Radeon RX 590 211536 Mtexels/sec
GeForce 8600 GT 512MB DDR2 8640 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 202896 (2348%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon RX 590 is much (approximately 988%) faster with regards to anti-aliasing than the GeForce 8600 GT 512MB DDR2, and also will be able to handle higher resolutions more effectively. (explain)

Radeon RX 590 47008 Mpixels/sec
GeForce 8600 GT 512MB DDR2 4320 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 42688 (988%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce 8600 GT 512MB DDR2

Amazon.com

Radeon RX 590

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce 8600 GT 512MB DDR2 Radeon RX 590
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year April 2007 November 2018
Code Name G84 Polaris 30
Memory 512 MB 8192 MB
Core Speed 540 MHz 1469 MHz
Memory Speed 800 MHz 8000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 47 watts 175 watts
Bandwidth 12800 MB/sec 262144 MB/sec
Texel Rate 8640 Mtexels/sec 211536 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 4320 Mpixels/sec 47008 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 32 2304
Texture Mapping Units 16 144
Render Output Units 8 32
Bus Type DDR2 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 80 nm 12 nm
Transistors 289 million 5700 million
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 12.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.5

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type memory, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

GeForce 8600 GT 512MB DDR2

Amazon.com

Radeon RX 590

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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