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Radeon R9 290 vs Radeon RX 590

Intro

The Radeon R9 290 has a GPU core speed of 800 MHz, and the 4096 MB of GDDR5 RAM runs at 1250 MHz through a 512-bit bus. It also is comprised of 2560 SPUs, 160 TAUs, and 64 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon RX 590, which has a core clock speed of 1469 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 2000 MHz. It also uses a 256-bit bus, and uses a 12 nm design. It is comprised of 2304 SPUs, 144 Texture Address Units, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 590 175 Watts
Radeon R9 290 300 Watts
Difference: 125 Watts (71%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon R9 290 will be 22% faster than the Radeon RX 590 overall, because of its greater data rate. (explain)

Radeon R9 290 320000 MB/sec
Radeon RX 590 262144 MB/sec
Difference: 57856 (22%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 590 is much (more or less 65%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon R9 290. (explain)

Radeon RX 590 211536 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R9 290 128000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 83536 (65%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon R9 290 should be a small bit (more or less 9%) better at full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon RX 590, and also will be capable of handling higher screen resolutions more effectively. (explain)

Radeon R9 290 51200 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 590 47008 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 4192 (9%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon R9 290

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 590

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon R9 290 Radeon RX 590
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year November 2013 November 2018
Code Name Hawaii PRO Polaris 30
Memory 4096 MB 8192 MB
Core Speed 800 MHz 1469 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 8000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 300 watts 175 watts
Bandwidth 320000 MB/sec 262144 MB/sec
Texel Rate 128000 Mtexels/sec 211536 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 51200 Mpixels/sec 47008 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2560 2304
Texture Mapping Units 160 144
Render Output Units 64 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 512-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 12 nm
Transistors 6200 million 5700 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.2 DirectX 12.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.5

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface in a second. It is calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the video card could possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

Radeon R9 290

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon RX 590

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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