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Radeon HD 5850 vs Radeon RX 460

Intro

The Radeon HD 5850 makes use of a 40 nm design. AMD has set the core frequency at 725 MHz. The GDDR5 memory is set to run at a frequency of 1000 MHz on this specific card. It features 1440(288x5) SPUs along with 72 Texture Address Units and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare that to the Radeon RX 460, which features GPU core speed of 1090 MHz, and 4096 MB of GDDR5 memory running at 1750 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is comprised of 896 Stream Processors, 56 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 460 75 Watts
Radeon HD 5850 151 Watts
Difference: 76 Watts (101%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon HD 5850 is 14% quicker than the Radeon RX 460 overall, because of its higher bandwidth. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 128000 MB/sec
Radeon RX 460 112000 MB/sec
Difference: 16000 (14%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 460 should be a little bit (about 17%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon HD 5850. (explain)

Radeon RX 460 61040 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5850 52200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 8840 (17%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high screen resolution is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5850 is the winner, by a large margin. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 23200 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 460 17440 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 5760 (33%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 5850

Radeon RX 460

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 5850 Radeon RX 460
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year September 30, 2009 August 2016
Code Name Cypress PRO Polaris 11
Memory 1024 MB 4096 MB
Core Speed 725 MHz 1090 MHz
Memory Speed 4000 MHz 7000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 151 watts 75 watts
Bandwidth 128000 MB/sec 112000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 52200 Mtexels/sec 61040 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 23200 Mpixels/sec 17440 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1440(288x5) 896
Texture Mapping Units 72 56
Render Output Units 32 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 14 nm
Transistors 2154 million 3000 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 12.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 4.5

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface in a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

Radeon HD 5850

Radeon RX 460

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