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Radeon HD 5850 vs Radeon RX 460

Intro

The Radeon HD 5850 features a GPU core clock speed of 725 MHz, and the 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM is set to run at 1000 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is made up of 1440(288x5) SPUs, 72 Texture Address Units, and 32 ROPs.

Compare all of that to the Radeon RX 460, which uses a 14 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 1090 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a speed of 1750 MHz on this card. It features 896 SPUs along with 56 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 460 75 Watts
Radeon HD 5850 151 Watts
Difference: 76 Watts (101%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon HD 5850, in theory, should be a little bit faster than the Radeon RX 460 in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 128000 MB/sec
Radeon RX 460 112000 MB/sec
Difference: 16000 (14%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 460 is a small bit (about 17%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon HD 5850. (explain)

Radeon RX 460 61040 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5850 52200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 8840 (17%)

Pixel Rate

If using lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5850 is superior to the Radeon RX 460, by a large margin. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 23200 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 460 17440 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 5760 (33%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 5850

Amazon.com

Radeon RX 460

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 5850 Radeon RX 460
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year September 30, 2009 August 2016
Code Name Cypress PRO Polaris 11
Memory 1024 MB 4096 MB
Core Speed 725 MHz 1090 MHz
Memory Speed 4000 MHz 7000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 151 watts 75 watts
Bandwidth 128000 MB/sec 112000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 52200 Mtexels/sec 61040 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 23200 Mpixels/sec 17440 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1440(288x5) 896
Texture Mapping Units 72 56
Render Output Units 32 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 14 nm
Transistors 2154 million 3000 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 12.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 4.5

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.

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