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Radeon HD 5830 vs Radeon RX 460

Intro

The Radeon HD 5830 features a clock frequency of 800 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1000 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit bus, and makes use of a 40 nm design. It features 1120(224x5) SPUs, 56 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Compare all of that to the Radeon RX 460, which comes with a clock speed of 1090 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1750 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 14 nm design. It is comprised of 896 SPUs, 56 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 460 75 Watts
Radeon HD 5830 175 Watts
Difference: 100 Watts (133%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Radeon HD 5830 should be 14% quicker than the Radeon RX 460 in general, because of its higher data rate. (explain)

Radeon HD 5830 128000 MB/sec
Radeon RX 460 112000 MB/sec
Difference: 16000 (14%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 460 should be much (approximately 36%) more effective at AF than the Radeon HD 5830. (explain)

Radeon RX 460 61040 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5830 44800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 16240 (36%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon RX 460 should be much (about 36%) more effective at full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 5830, and also will be able to handle higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

Radeon RX 460 17440 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5830 12800 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 4640 (36%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 5830

Amazon.com

Radeon RX 460

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 5830 Radeon RX 460
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year February 25, 2010 August 2016
Code Name Cypress LE Polaris 11
Memory 1024 MB 4096 MB
Core Speed 800 MHz 1090 MHz
Memory Speed 4000 MHz 7000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 175 watts 75 watts
Bandwidth 128000 MB/sec 112000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 44800 Mtexels/sec 61040 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 12800 Mpixels/sec 17440 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1120(224x5) 896
Texture Mapping Units 56 56
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 14 nm
Transistors 2154 million 3000 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 12.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 4.5

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of information (measured in MB per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface in one second. The number is worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly record to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.

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