Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce 8800 GTS (G80) 640MB vs Radeon HD 4650 1GB
IntroThe GeForce 8800 GTS (G80) 640MB has a clock frequency of 513 MHz and a GDDR3 memory frequency of 792 MHz. It also makes use of a 320-bit bus, and makes use of a 90 nm design. It is made up of 96 SPUs, 48 Texture Address Units, and 20 Raster Operation Units.
Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 4650 1GB, which makes use of a 55 nm design. AMD has set the core speed at 600 MHz. The GDDR3 memory runs at a speed of 700 MHz on this specific card. It features 320(64x5) SPUs along with 32 Texture Address Units and 8 Rasterization Operator Units.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Theoretically speaking, the GeForce 8800 GTS (G80) 640MB should perform quite a bit faster than the Radeon HD 4650 1GB overall. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce 8800 GTS (G80) 640MB is quite a bit (approximately 28%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 4650 1GB. (explain)
Pixel RateThe GeForce 8800 GTS (G80) 640MB will be a lot (more or less 114%) faster with regards to AA than the Radeon HD 4650 1GB, and able to handle higher resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR type memory, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip can possibly write to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.