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GeForce GTX 580 vs Radeon RX 470

Intro

The GeForce GTX 580 has a GPU core clock speed of 772 MHz, and the 1536 MB of GDDR5 memory is set to run at 1002 MHz through a 384-bit bus. It also is comprised of 512 SPUs, 64 Texture Address Units, and 48 Raster Operation Units.

Compare all that to the Radeon RX 470, which comes with a core clock frequency of 926 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1650 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 14 nm design. It is made up of 2048 SPUs, 128 Texture Address Units, and 32 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon RX 470 120 Watts
GeForce GTX 580 244 Watts
Difference: 124 Watts (103%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the Radeon RX 470 should theoretically be a small bit better than the GeForce GTX 580 in general. (explain)

Radeon RX 470 211200 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 580 192384 MB/sec
Difference: 18816 (10%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon RX 470 will be much (about 140%) more effective at texture filtering than the GeForce GTX 580. (explain)

Radeon RX 470 118528 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTX 580 49408 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 69120 (140%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high screen resolution is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 580 is the winner, and very much so. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 37056 Mpixels/sec
Radeon RX 470 29632 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 7424 (25%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 580

Radeon RX 470

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 580 Radeon RX 470
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year November 2010 August 2016
Code Name GF110 Polaris 10
Memory 1536 MB 8192 MB
Core Speed 772 MHz 926 MHz
Memory Speed 4008 MHz 6600 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 244 watts 120 watts
Bandwidth 192384 MB/sec 211200 MB/sec
Texel Rate 49408 Mtexels/sec 118528 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 37056 Mpixels/sec 29632 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 512 2048
Texture Mapping Units 64 128
Render Output Units 48 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 384-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 14 nm
Transistors 3000 million 5700 million
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 12.0
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 4.5

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of data (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface in a second. It is worked out by multiplying the bus width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the video card could possibly record to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

GeForce GTX 580

Radeon RX 470

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