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GeForce GTX 1080 vs GeForce GTX 590

Intro

The GeForce GTX 1080 comes with a clock frequency of 1607 MHz and a GDDR5X memory speed of 1251 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit bus, and makes use of a 16 nm design. It features 2560 SPUs, 160 Texture Address Units, and 64 ROPs.

Compare that to the GeForce GTX 590, which uses a 40 nm design. nVidia has set the core speed at 607 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM runs at a frequency of 855 MHz on this model. It features 512 SPUs as well as 64 TAUs and 48 ROPs.

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Benchmarks

These are real-world performance benchmarks that were submitted by Hardware Compare users. The scores seen here are the average of all benchmarks submitted for each respective test and hardware.

3DMark Fire Strike Graphics Score

GeForce GTX 1080 21942 points
GeForce GTX 590 6680 points
Difference: 15262 (228%)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 1080 180 Watts
GeForce GTX 590 365 Watts
Difference: 185 Watts (103%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the GeForce GTX 590 should be a small bit faster than the GeForce GTX 1080 overall. (explain)

GeForce GTX 590 328320 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 1080 327680 MB/sec
Difference: 640 (0%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 1080 should be much (about 231%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the GeForce GTX 590. (explain)

GeForce GTX 1080 257120 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTX 590 77696 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 179424 (231%)

Pixel Rate

If using high levels of AA is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 1080 is the winner, by a large margin. (explain)

GeForce GTX 1080 102848 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GTX 590 58272 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 44576 (76%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 1080

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

GeForce GTX 590

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 1080 GeForce GTX 590
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year May 2016 March 2011
Code Name GP104-400 GF110
Memory 8192 MB 1536 MB (x2)
Core Speed 1607 MHz 607 MHz (x2)
Memory Speed 10008 MHz 3420 MHz (x2)
Power (Max TDP) 180 watts 365 watts
Bandwidth 327680 MB/sec 328320 MB/sec
Texel Rate 257120 Mtexels/sec 77696 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 102848 Mpixels/sec 58272 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2560 512 (x2)
Texture Mapping Units 160 64 (x2)
Render Output Units 64 48 (x2)
Bus Type GDDR5X GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 384-bit (x2)
Fab Process 16 nm 40 nm
Transistors 7200 million 3000 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 12.0 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.5 OpenGL 4.1

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be transported past the external memory interface in one second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the video card can possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate is also dependant on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

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GeForce GTX 1080

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

GeForce GTX 590

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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