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Radeon HD 4790 vs Radeon HD 4870 1GB

Intro

The Radeon HD 4790 makes use of a 55 nm design. AMD has set the core frequency at 600 MHz. The GDDR5 memory runs at a frequency of 800 MHz on this card. It features 640(128x5) SPUs along with 32 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare that to the Radeon HD 4870 1GB, which features GPU clock speed of 750 MHz, and 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory set to run at 900 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is made up of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon HD 4870 1GB, in theory, should perform a bit faster than the Radeon HD 4790 in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 4870 1GB 115200 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4790 102400 MB/sec
Difference: 12800 (13%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4870 1GB will be a lot (approximately 56%) more effective at texture filtering than the Radeon HD 4790. (explain)

Radeon HD 4870 1GB 30000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4790 19200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 10800 (56%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high screen resolution is important to you, then the Radeon HD 4870 1GB is superior to the Radeon HD 4790, and very much so. (explain)

Radeon HD 4870 1GB 12000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4790 9600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 2400 (25%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 4790

Amazon.com

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Radeon HD 4870 1GB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4790 Radeon HD 4870 1GB
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year 2009 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name RV790 RV770 XT
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 600 MHz 750 MHz
Memory Speed 3200 MHz 3600 MHz
Power (Max TDP) (Unknown) watts 150 watts
Bandwidth 102400 MB/sec 115200 MB/sec
Texel Rate 19200 Mtexels/sec 30000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 9600 Mpixels/sec 12000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 640(128x5) 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 55 nm
Transistors 959 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface in a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics card could possibly write to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon HD 4790

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon HD 4870 1GB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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