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GeForce GTX 260 vs Radeon HD 4890 1GB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 260 has a clock frequency of 576 MHz and a GDDR3 memory frequency of 999 MHz. It also features a 448-bit memory bus, and uses a 65 nm design. It features 192 SPUs, 64 TAUs, and 28 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 4890 1GB, which features a core clock speed of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 975 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit memory bus, and uses a 55 nm design. It is made up of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 260 182 Watts
Radeon HD 4890 1GB 190 Watts
Difference: 8 Watts (4%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically, the Radeon HD 4890 1GB should perform a small bit faster than the GeForce GTX 260 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 4890 1GB 124800 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 260 111888 MB/sec
Difference: 12912 (12%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4890 1GB is just a bit (about 9%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the GeForce GTX 260. (explain)

Radeon HD 4890 1GB 40000 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTX 260 36864 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 3136 (9%)

Pixel Rate

If running with lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 260 is a better choice, not by a very large margin though. (explain)

GeForce GTX 260 16128 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 1GB 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 128 (1%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 260

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4890 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 260 Radeon HD 4890 1GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year June 16, 2008 Apr 2, 2009
Code Name G200 RV790 XT
Memory 896 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 576 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 1998 MHz 3900 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 182 watts 190 watts
Bandwidth 111888 MB/sec 124800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 36864 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16128 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 192 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 64 40
Render Output Units 28 16
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 448-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 65 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1400 million 959 million
Bus PCIe x16 2.0 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.1 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR type memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the graphics card could possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.

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