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GeForce GTX 260 vs Radeon HD 4890 1GB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 260 features a GPU core clock speed of 576 MHz, and the 896 MB of GDDR3 memory is set to run at 999 MHz through a 448-bit bus. It also features 192 Stream Processors, 64 TAUs, and 28 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 4890 1GB, which has a clock frequency of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 975 MHz. It also uses a 256-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 55 nm design. It is comprised of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 260 182 Watts
Radeon HD 4890 1GB 190 Watts
Difference: 8 Watts (4%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 4890 1GB should theoretically be a bit better than the GeForce GTX 260 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 4890 1GB 124800 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 260 111888 MB/sec
Difference: 12912 (12%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4890 1GB should be a bit (approximately 9%) better at texture filtering than the GeForce GTX 260. (explain)

Radeon HD 4890 1GB 40000 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTX 260 36864 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 3136 (9%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 260 is a bit (about 1%) better at anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 4890 1GB, and should be able to handle higher resolutions more effectively. (explain)

GeForce GTX 260 16128 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 1GB 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 128 (1%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 260

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4890 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 260 Radeon HD 4890 1GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year June 16, 2008 Apr 2, 2009
Code Name G200 RV790 XT
Memory 896 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 576 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 1998 MHz 3900 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 182 watts 190 watts
Bandwidth 111888 MB/sec 124800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 36864 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16128 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 192 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 64 40
Render Output Units 28 16
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 448-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 65 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1400 million 959 million
Bus PCIe x16 2.0 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.1 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR type memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

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