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Radeon R9 280X vs Radeon R9 290

Intro

The Radeon R9 280X comes with a clock frequency of 850 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1500 MHz. It also features a 384-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is made up of 2048 SPUs, 128 Texture Address Units, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon R9 290, which comes with clock speeds of 800 MHz on the GPU, and 1250 MHz on the 4096 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 2560 SPUs along with 160 Texture Address Units and 64 Rasterization Operator Units.

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Benchmarks

These are real-world performance benchmarks that were submitted by Hardware Compare users. The scores seen here are the average of all benchmarks submitted for each respective test and hardware.

3DMark Fire Strike Graphics Score

Radeon R9 290 9876 points
Radeon R9 280X 8886 points
Difference: 990 (11%)

Zcash Mining Hash Rate

Radeon R9 280X 294 Sol/s
Radeon R9 290 283 Sol/s
Difference: 11 (4%)

Ethereum Mining Hash Rate

Radeon R9 290 29 Mh/s
Radeon R9 280X 21 Mh/s
Difference: 8 (38%)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon R9 280X 250 Watts
Radeon R9 290 300 Watts
Difference: 50 Watts (20%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically, the Radeon R9 290 should perform a little bit faster than the Radeon R9 280X in general. (explain)

Radeon R9 290 320000 MB/sec
Radeon R9 280X 288000 MB/sec
Difference: 32000 (11%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon R9 290 is a bit (more or less 18%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon R9 280X. (explain)

Radeon R9 290 128000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R9 280X 108800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 19200 (18%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon R9 290 should be a lot (more or less 88%) more effective at anti-aliasing than the Radeon R9 280X, and also will be capable of handling higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

Radeon R9 290 51200 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R9 280X 27200 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 24000 (88%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon R9 280X

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon R9 290

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon R9 280X Radeon R9 290
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 2013 November 2013
Code Name Tahiti XTL Hawaii PRO
Memory 3072 MB 4096 MB
Core Speed 850 MHz 800 MHz
Memory Speed 6000 MHz 5000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 250 watts 300 watts
Bandwidth 288000 MB/sec 320000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 108800 Mtexels/sec 128000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 27200 Mpixels/sec 51200 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 2048 2560
Texture Mapping Units 128 160
Render Output Units 32 64
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 384-bit 512-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Transistors 4313 million 6200 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.2 DirectX 11.2
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.3

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface in a second. It is calculated by multiplying the interface width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

Display Prices

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Radeon R9 280X

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon R9 290

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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