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Radeon HD 7770 vs Radeon R9 270X

Intro

The Radeon HD 7770 makes use of a 28 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 1000 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM runs at a frequency of 1125 MHz on this specific model. It features 640 SPUs as well as 40 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare that to the Radeon R9 270X, which comes with clock speeds of 1000 MHz on the GPU, and 1400 MHz on the 2048 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 1280 SPUs along with 80 TAUs and 32 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7770 80 Watts
Radeon R9 270X 180 Watts
Difference: 100 Watts (125%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon R9 270X should be 149% faster than the Radeon HD 7770 overall, due to its higher data rate. (explain)

Radeon R9 270X 179200 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7770 72000 MB/sec
Difference: 107200 (149%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon R9 270X will be a lot (approximately 100%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 7770. (explain)

Radeon R9 270X 80000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7770 40000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 40000 (100%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon R9 270X will be much (more or less 100%) more effective at full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 7770, and also will be capable of handling higher resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

Radeon R9 270X 32000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7770 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 16000 (100%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 7770

Amazon.com

Radeon R9 270X

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Radeon HD 7770 Radeon R9 270X
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year February 2012 October 2013
Code Name Cape Verde XT Curacao XT
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
Memory 1024 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 1000 MHz 1000 MHz
Shader Speed N/A MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1125 MHz (4500 MHz effective) 1400 MHz (5600 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 640 1280
Texture Mapping Units 40 80
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.1 DirectX 11.2
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 4.3
Power (Max TDP) 80 watts 180 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 72000 MB/sec 179200 MB/sec
Texel Rate 40000 Mtexels/sec 80000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16000 Mpixels/sec 32000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface within a second. It is worked out by multiplying the bus width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the number of ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

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