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Radeon HD 7770 vs Radeon R9 270X

Intro

The Radeon HD 7770 features a clock speed of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1125 MHz. It also features a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is comprised of 640 SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon R9 270X, which has clock speeds of 1000 MHz on the GPU, and 1400 MHz on the 2048 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 1280 SPUs as well as 80 TAUs and 32 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7770 80 Watts
Radeon R9 270X 180 Watts
Difference: 100 Watts (125%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon R9 270X should in theory perform quite a bit faster than the Radeon HD 7770 overall. (explain)

Radeon R9 270X 179200 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7770 72000 MB/sec
Difference: 107200 (149%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon R9 270X should be a lot (more or less 100%) better at AF than the Radeon HD 7770. (explain)

Radeon R9 270X 80000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7770 40000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 40000 (100%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon R9 270X is quite a bit (more or less 100%) better at AA than the Radeon HD 7770, and also will be able to handle higher resolutions more effectively. (explain)

Radeon R9 270X 32000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7770 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 16000 (100%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 7770

Amazon.com

Radeon R9 270X

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Radeon HD 7770 Radeon R9 270X
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year February 2012 October 2013
Code Name Cape Verde XT Curacao XT
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
Memory 1024 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 1000 MHz 1000 MHz
Shader Speed N/A MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1125 MHz (4500 MHz effective) 1400 MHz (5600 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 640 1280
Texture Mapping Units 40 80
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.1 DirectX 11.2
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 4.3
Power (Max TDP) 80 watts 180 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 72000 MB/sec 179200 MB/sec
Texel Rate 40000 Mtexels/sec 80000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16000 Mpixels/sec 32000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (counted in MB per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface in a second. It is calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

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