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Radeon HD 7770 vs Radeon R9 270X

Intro

The Radeon HD 7770 makes use of a 28 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 1000 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a frequency of 1125 MHz on this specific card. It features 640 SPUs along with 40 Texture Address Units and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon R9 270X, which uses a 28 nm design. AMD has set the core speed at 1000 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a frequency of 1400 MHz on this particular model. It features 1280 SPUs as well as 80 Texture Address Units and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7770 80 Watts
Radeon R9 270X 180 Watts
Difference: 100 Watts (125%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon R9 270X should theoretically be quite a bit superior to the Radeon HD 7770 overall. (explain)

Radeon R9 270X 179200 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7770 72000 MB/sec
Difference: 107200 (149%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon R9 270X is much (about 100%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 7770. (explain)

Radeon R9 270X 80000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7770 40000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 40000 (100%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon R9 270X will be quite a bit (more or less 100%) faster with regards to AA than the Radeon HD 7770, and should be capable of handling higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

Radeon R9 270X 32000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7770 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 16000 (100%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 7770

Amazon.com

Radeon R9 270X

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 7770 Radeon R9 270X
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year February 2012 October 2013
Code Name Cape Verde XT Curacao XT
Memory 1024 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 1000 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 4500 MHz 5600 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 80 watts 180 watts
Bandwidth 72000 MB/sec 179200 MB/sec
Texel Rate 40000 Mtexels/sec 80000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16000 Mpixels/sec 32000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 640 1280
Texture Mapping Units 40 80
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Transistors 1500 million 2800 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.1 DirectX 11.2
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 4.3

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface in one second. It's calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the video card could possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel output rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.

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