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Geforce GTX 780 vs Radeon R9 270X

Intro

The Geforce GTX 780 has a GPU clock speed of 863 MHz, and the 3072 MB of GDDR5 RAM runs at 1502 MHz through a 384-bit bus. It also features 2304 SPUs, 192 Texture Address Units, and 48 ROPs.

Compare that to the Radeon R9 270X, which makes use of a 28 nm design. AMD has set the core speed at 1000 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a speed of 1400 MHz on this model. It features 1280 SPUs along with 80 TAUs and 32 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon R9 270X 180 Watts
Geforce GTX 780 250 Watts
Difference: 70 Watts (39%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Geforce GTX 780 should be a lot faster than the Radeon R9 270X overall. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 288384 MB/sec
Radeon R9 270X 179200 MB/sec
Difference: 109184 (61%)

Texel Rate

The Geforce GTX 780 will be a lot (about 107%) better at texture filtering than the Radeon R9 270X. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 165696 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R9 270X 80000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 85696 (107%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high screen resolution is important to you, then the Geforce GTX 780 is the winner, and very much so. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 41424 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R9 270X 32000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 9424 (29%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Geforce GTX 780

Amazon.com

Radeon R9 270X

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Geforce GTX 780 Radeon R9 270X
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year May 2013 October 2013
Code Name GK110 Curacao XT
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
Memory 3072 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 863 MHz 1000 MHz
Shader Speed 863 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1502 MHz (6008 MHz effective) 1400 MHz (5600 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 2304 1280
Texture Mapping Units 192 80
Render Output Units 48 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 384-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11.2
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.3
Power (Max TDP) 250 watts 180 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 288384 MB/sec 179200 MB/sec
Texel Rate 165696 Mtexels/sec 80000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 41424 Mpixels/sec 32000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of data (counted in MB per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface in one second. It's calculated by multiplying the interface width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly write to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the number of ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel output rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

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