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Geforce GTX 780 vs Radeon R9 270X

Intro

The Geforce GTX 780 makes use of a 28 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core frequency at 863 MHz. The GDDR5 memory runs at a frequency of 1502 MHz on this specific card. It features 2304 SPUs along with 192 TAUs and 48 ROPs.

Compare that to the Radeon R9 270X, which features GPU clock speed of 1000 MHz, and 2048 MB of GDDR5 RAM running at 1400 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also features 1280 SPUs, 80 Texture Address Units, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon R9 270X 180 Watts
Geforce GTX 780 250 Watts
Difference: 70 Watts (39%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Geforce GTX 780 is 61% faster than the Radeon R9 270X overall, due to its higher bandwidth. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 288384 MB/sec
Radeon R9 270X 179200 MB/sec
Difference: 109184 (61%)

Texel Rate

The Geforce GTX 780 is quite a bit (approximately 107%) more effective at texture filtering than the Radeon R9 270X. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 165696 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R9 270X 80000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 85696 (107%)

Pixel Rate

The Geforce GTX 780 will be much (more or less 29%) faster with regards to full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon R9 270X, and will be able to handle higher screen resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

Geforce GTX 780 41424 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R9 270X 32000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 9424 (29%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Geforce GTX 780

Amazon.com

Radeon R9 270X

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Geforce GTX 780 Radeon R9 270X
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year May 2013 October 2013
Code Name GK110 Curacao XT
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
Memory 3072 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 863 MHz 1000 MHz
Shader Speed 863 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1502 MHz (6008 MHz effective) 1400 MHz (5600 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 2304 1280
Texture Mapping Units 192 80
Render Output Units 48 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 384-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11.2
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.3
Power (Max TDP) 250 watts 180 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 288384 MB/sec 179200 MB/sec
Texel Rate 165696 Mtexels/sec 80000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 41424 Mpixels/sec 32000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface in one second. It's worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

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