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Radeon HD 7870 XT vs Radeon R9 270X

Intro

The Radeon HD 7870 XT has a clock frequency of 925 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1500 MHz. It also features a 256-bit bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is made up of 1536 SPUs, 96 Texture Address Units, and 32 ROPs.

Compare all of that to the Radeon R9 270X, which comes with clock speeds of 1000 MHz on the GPU, and 1400 MHz on the 2048 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 1280 SPUs as well as 80 Texture Address Units and 32 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon R9 270X 180 Watts
Radeon HD 7870 XT 185 Watts
Difference: 5 Watts (3%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon HD 7870 XT, in theory, should perform a little bit faster than the Radeon R9 270X in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 7870 XT 192000 MB/sec
Radeon R9 270X 179200 MB/sec
Difference: 12800 (7%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 7870 XT should be a little bit (approximately 11%) better at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon R9 270X. (explain)

Radeon HD 7870 XT 88800 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R9 270X 80000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 8800 (11%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon R9 270X is just a bit (about 8%) more effective at AA than the Radeon HD 7870 XT, and also should be capable of handling higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

Radeon R9 270X 32000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7870 XT 29600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 2400 (8%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 7870 XT

Amazon.com

Radeon R9 270X

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 7870 XT Radeon R9 270X
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year November 2012 October 2013
Code Name Tahiti LE Curacao XT
Memory 2048 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 925 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 6000 MHz 5600 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 185 watts 180 watts
Bandwidth 192000 MB/sec 179200 MB/sec
Texel Rate 88800 Mtexels/sec 80000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 29600 Mpixels/sec 32000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1536 1280
Texture Mapping Units 96 80
Render Output Units 32 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Transistors 4313 million 2800 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.1 DirectX 11.2
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.3

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

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