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Radeon HD 4850 512MB vs Radeon R7 250

Intro

The Radeon HD 4850 512MB has a core clock speed of 625 MHz and a GDDR3 memory frequency of 993 MHz. It also uses a 256-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 55 nm design. It is comprised of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon R7 250, which uses a 28 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 1000 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM is set to run at a speed of 1150 MHz on this specific card. It features 384 SPUs as well as 24 Texture Address Units and 8 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon R7 250 65 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 110 Watts
Difference: 45 Watts (69%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon R7 250, in theory, should perform a little bit faster than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB overall. (explain)

Radeon R7 250 73600 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 10048 (16%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 512MB is a small bit (about 4%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the Radeon R7 250. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 512MB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R7 250 24000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 1000 (4%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 512MB will be a lot (about 25%) more effective at FSAA than the Radeon R7 250, and should be able to handle higher resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 512MB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R7 250 8000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 2000 (25%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon R7 250

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4850 512MB Radeon R7 250
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Jun 25, 2008 October 2013
Code Name RV770 PRO Oland XT
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 625 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 1986 MHz 4600 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 110 watts 65 watts
Bandwidth 63552 MB/sec 73600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 25000 Mtexels/sec 24000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 10000 Mpixels/sec 8000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) 384
Texture Mapping Units 40 24
Render Output Units 16 8
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 28 nm
Transistors 956 million 1040 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11.2
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.3

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in one second. It's calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR memory, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly record to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

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