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Radeon HD 4850 512MB vs Radeon R7 250

Intro

The Radeon HD 4850 512MB features core speeds of 625 MHz on the GPU, and 993 MHz on the 512 MB of GDDR3 memory. It features 800(160x5) SPUs along with 40 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

Compare all of that to the Radeon R7 250, which comes with core clock speeds of 1000 MHz on the GPU, and 1150 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 384 SPUs as well as 24 Texture Address Units and 8 Rasterization Operator Units.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon R7 250 65 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 110 Watts
Difference: 45 Watts (69%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the Radeon R7 250 should in theory be a little bit better than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB in general. (explain)

Radeon R7 250 73600 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 10048 (16%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 512MB is a small bit (more or less 4%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the Radeon R7 250. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 512MB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R7 250 24000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 1000 (4%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 512MB will be quite a bit (more or less 25%) better at FSAA than the Radeon R7 250, and also able to handle higher screen resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 512MB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R7 250 8000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 2000 (25%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon R7 250

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Radeon HD 4850 512MB Radeon R7 250
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Jun 25, 2008 October 2013
Code Name RV770 PRO Oland XT
Fab Process 55 nm 28 nm
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 625 MHz 1000 MHz
Shader Speed N/A MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 993 MHz (1986 MHz effective) 1150 MHz (4600 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) 384
Texture Mapping Units 40 24
Render Output Units 16 8
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11.2
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.3
Power (Max TDP) 110 watts 65 watts
Shader Model 4.1 5.0
Bandwidth 63552 MB/sec 73600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 25000 Mtexels/sec 24000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 10000 Mpixels/sec 8000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (in units of megabytes per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface in a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR memory, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the graphics card could possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

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