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Radeon HD 4850 512MB vs Radeon R7 250

Intro

The Radeon HD 4850 512MB has a core clock frequency of 625 MHz and a GDDR3 memory speed of 993 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 55 nm design. It is made up of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Compare all that to the Radeon R7 250, which features clock speeds of 1000 MHz on the GPU, and 1150 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 384 SPUs along with 24 Texture Address Units and 8 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon R7 250 65 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 110 Watts
Difference: 45 Watts (69%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon R7 250 should theoretically be a bit faster than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB overall. (explain)

Radeon R7 250 73600 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 10048 (16%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 512MB will be a bit (more or less 4%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the Radeon R7 250. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 512MB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R7 250 24000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 1000 (4%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 512MB will be much (approximately 25%) faster with regards to full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon R7 250, and capable of handling higher resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 512MB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R7 250 8000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 2000 (25%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Radeon R7 250

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4850 512MB Radeon R7 250
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Jun 25, 2008 October 2013
Code Name RV770 PRO Oland XT
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 625 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 1986 MHz 4600 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 110 watts 65 watts
Bandwidth 63552 MB/sec 73600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 25000 Mtexels/sec 24000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 10000 Mpixels/sec 8000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) 384
Texture Mapping Units 40 24
Render Output Units 16 8
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 28 nm
Transistors 956 million 1040 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11.2
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.3

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (counted in MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR type memory, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the video card could possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Radeon R7 250

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