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Radeon HD 4850 512MB vs Radeon R7 250

Intro

The Radeon HD 4850 512MB features core speeds of 625 MHz on the GPU, and 993 MHz on the 512 MB of GDDR3 memory. It features 800(160x5) SPUs along with 40 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare all of that to the Radeon R7 250, which has a core clock speed of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1150 MHz. It also features a 128-bit memory bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It is comprised of 384 SPUs, 24 Texture Address Units, and 8 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon R7 250 65 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 110 Watts
Difference: 45 Watts (69%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon R7 250 should theoretically perform a small bit faster than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB in general. (explain)

Radeon R7 250 73600 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 10048 (16%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 512MB will be a bit (about 4%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon R7 250. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 512MB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R7 250 24000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 1000 (4%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 512MB will be much (about 25%) faster with regards to FSAA than the Radeon R7 250, and also should be capable of handling higher resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 512MB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R7 250 8000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 2000 (25%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon R7 250

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4850 512MB Radeon R7 250
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Jun 25, 2008 October 2013
Code Name RV770 PRO Oland XT
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 625 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 1986 MHz 4600 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 110 watts 65 watts
Bandwidth 63552 MB/sec 73600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 25000 Mtexels/sec 24000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 10000 Mpixels/sec 8000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) 384
Texture Mapping Units 40 24
Render Output Units 16 8
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 28 nm
Transistors 956 million 1040 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11.2
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.3

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface in a second. It is calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the video card could possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

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