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Radeon HD 4850 512MB vs Radeon R7 250

Intro

The Radeon HD 4850 512MB comes with a core clock frequency of 625 MHz and a GDDR3 memory speed of 993 MHz. It also uses a 256-bit memory bus, and uses a 55 nm design. It features 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon R7 250, which uses a 28 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 1000 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a speed of 1150 MHz on this specific card. It features 384 SPUs as well as 24 Texture Address Units and 8 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon R7 250 65 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 110 Watts
Difference: 45 Watts (69%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon R7 250, in theory, should perform just a bit faster than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB in general. (explain)

Radeon R7 250 73600 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 10048 (16%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 512MB should be a small bit (approximately 4%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon R7 250. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 512MB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon R7 250 24000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 1000 (4%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high resolution is important to you, then the Radeon HD 4850 512MB is superior to the Radeon R7 250, by a large margin. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 512MB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon R7 250 8000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 2000 (25%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon R7 250

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Radeon HD 4850 512MB Radeon R7 250
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Jun 25, 2008 October 2013
Code Name RV770 PRO Oland XT
Fab Process 55 nm 28 nm
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 625 MHz 1000 MHz
Shader Speed N/A MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 993 MHz (1986 MHz effective) 1150 MHz (4600 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) 384
Texture Mapping Units 40 24
Render Output Units 16 8
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11.2
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.3
Power (Max TDP) 110 watts 65 watts
Shader Model 4.1 5.0
Bandwidth 63552 MB/sec 73600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 25000 Mtexels/sec 24000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 10000 Mpixels/sec 8000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface in one second. The number is calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card can possibly record to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

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