Compare any two graphics cards:
Radeon HD 4670 1GB vs Radeon HD 7790
IntroThe Radeon HD 4670 1GB comes with clock speeds of 750 MHz on the GPU, and 1100 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR4/GDDR3/DDR3/DDR2 RAM. It features 320(64x5) SPUs as well as 32 Texture Address Units and 8 ROPs.
Compare all that to the Radeon HD 7790, which comes with a clock speed of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1500 MHz. It also features a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is made up of 896 SPUs, 56 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 7790 should theoretically be a lot superior to the Radeon HD 4670 1GB overall. (explain)
Texel RateThe Radeon HD 7790 will be quite a bit (about 133%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 4670 1GB. (explain)
Pixel RateThe Radeon HD 7790 is quite a bit (about 167%) more effective at anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 4670 1GB, and capable of handling higher screen resolutions while still performing well. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface in one second. It's worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR memory, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip could possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.