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GeForce GTX 285 1GB vs Radeon HD 4890 1GB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 285 1GB has a GPU clock speed of 648 MHz, and the 1024 MB of GDDR3 RAM runs at 1242 MHz through a 512-bit bus. It also is comprised of 240 Stream Processors, 80 Texture Address Units, and 32 ROPs.

Compare all that to the Radeon HD 4890 1GB, which comes with a core clock frequency of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 975 MHz. It also uses a 256-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 55 nm design. It is made up of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 4890 1GB 190 Watts
GeForce GTX 285 1GB 204 Watts
Difference: 14 Watts (7%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the GeForce GTX 285 1GB should perform a lot faster than the Radeon HD 4890 1GB overall. (explain)

GeForce GTX 285 1GB 158976 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4890 1GB 124800 MB/sec
Difference: 34176 (27%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 285 1GB is much (approximately 30%) more effective at texture filtering than the Radeon HD 4890 1GB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 285 1GB 51840 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 1GB 40000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 11840 (30%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high screen resolution is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 285 1GB is the winner, and very much so. (explain)

GeForce GTX 285 1GB 20736 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 1GB 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 4736 (30%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 285 1GB

Radeon HD 4890 1GB

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 285 1GB Radeon HD 4890 1GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year January 15, 2009 Apr 2, 2009
Code Name G200b RV790 XT
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 648 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 2484 MHz 3900 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 204 watts 190 watts
Bandwidth 158976 MB/sec 124800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 51840 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 20736 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 240 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 80 40
Render Output Units 32 16
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 512-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1400 million 959 million
Bus PCIe x16 2.0 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.1 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

GeForce GTX 285 1GB

Radeon HD 4890 1GB

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