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GeForce GTX 285 1GB vs Radeon HD 4890 1GB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 285 1GB uses a 55 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core speed at 648 MHz. The GDDR3 memory works at a speed of 1242 MHz on this particular card. It features 240 SPUs as well as 80 TAUs and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 4890 1GB, which features a core clock speed of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 975 MHz. It also uses a 256-bit bus, and uses a 55 nm design. It is made up of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 4890 1GB 190 Watts
GeForce GTX 285 1GB 204 Watts
Difference: 14 Watts (7%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the GeForce GTX 285 1GB should in theory be much superior to the Radeon HD 4890 1GB overall. (explain)

GeForce GTX 285 1GB 158976 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4890 1GB 124800 MB/sec
Difference: 34176 (27%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 285 1GB should be a lot (approximately 30%) better at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 4890 1GB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 285 1GB 51840 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 1GB 40000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 11840 (30%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 285 1GB should be quite a bit (more or less 30%) more effective at full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 4890 1GB, and also will be capable of handling higher resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

GeForce GTX 285 1GB 20736 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 1GB 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 4736 (30%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 285 1GB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4890 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 285 1GB Radeon HD 4890 1GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year January 15, 2009 Apr 2, 2009
Code Name G200b RV790 XT
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 648 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 2484 MHz 3900 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 204 watts 190 watts
Bandwidth 158976 MB/sec 124800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 51840 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 20736 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 240 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 80 40
Render Output Units 32 16
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 512-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1400 million 959 million
Bus PCIe x16 2.0 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.1 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card can possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

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