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GeForce GTX 285 1GB vs Radeon HD 4890 1GB


Intro

The GeForce GTX 285 1GB has a core clock speed of 648 MHz and a GDDR3 memory speed of 1242 MHz. It also uses a 512-bit memory bus, and uses a 55 nm design. It is comprised of 240 SPUs, 80 Texture Address Units, and 32 ROPs.

Compare all that to the Radeon HD 4890 1GB, which has a core clock frequency of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 975 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit memory bus, and uses a 55 nm design. It features 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 4890 1GB 190 Watts
GeForce GTX 285 1GB 204 Watts
Difference: 14 Watts (7%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the GeForce GTX 285 1GB should perform quite a bit faster than the Radeon HD 4890 1GB overall. (explain)

GeForce GTX 285 1GB 158976 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4890 1GB 124800 MB/sec
Difference: 34176 (27%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 285 1GB will be much (about 30%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon HD 4890 1GB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 285 1GB 51840 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 1GB 40000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 11840 (30%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 285 1GB is a lot (about 30%) more effective at FSAA than the Radeon HD 4890 1GB, and capable of handling higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

GeForce GTX 285 1GB 20736 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 1GB 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 4736 (30%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 285 1GB

Radeon HD 4890 1GB

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 285 1GB Radeon HD 4890 1GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year January 15, 2009 Apr 2, 2009
Code Name G200b RV790 XT
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 648 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 2484 MHz 3900 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 204 watts 190 watts
Bandwidth 158976 MB/sec 124800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 51840 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 20736 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 240 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 80 40
Render Output Units 32 16
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 512-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1400 million 959 million
Bus PCIe x16 2.0 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.1 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR type memory, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied per second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card could possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.

GeForce GTX 285 1GB

Radeon HD 4890 1GB

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