Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce 9800 GTX vs GeForce GTX 650
IntroThe GeForce 9800 GTX makes use of a 65 nm design. nVidia has set the core frequency at 675 MHz. The GDDR3 memory runs at a frequency of 1100 MHz on this specific model. It features 128 SPUs as well as 64 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.
Compare all of that to the GeForce GTX 650, which uses a 28 nm design. nVidia has set the core speed at 1058 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM is set to run at a frequency of 1250 MHz on this particular model. It features 384 SPUs along with 32 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
In theory, the GeForce GTX 650 should be 14% faster than the GeForce 9800 GTX overall, due to its greater data rate. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce 9800 GTX should be quite a bit (approximately 28%) more effective at texture filtering than the GeForce GTX 650. (explain)
Pixel RateIf running with lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 650 is a better choice, by a large margin. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface in a second. It is worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip could possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.