Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce 9800 GTX vs GeForce GTX 650
IntroThe GeForce 9800 GTX comes with clock speeds of 675 MHz on the GPU, and 1100 MHz on the 512 MB of GDDR3 memory. It features 128 SPUs as well as 64 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.
Compare all of that to the GeForce GTX 650, which comes with GPU core speed of 1058 MHz, and 2048 MB of GDDR5 RAM running at 1250 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is comprised of 384 Stream Processors, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
In theory, the GeForce GTX 650 should be 14% quicker than the GeForce 9800 GTX in general, because of its higher bandwidth. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce 9800 GTX will be much (more or less 28%) more effective at texture filtering than the GeForce GTX 650. (explain)
Pixel RateThe GeForce GTX 650 will be a lot (approximately 57%) better at full screen anti-aliasing than the GeForce 9800 GTX, and also able to handle higher screen resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics card can possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.