Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce 9800 GTX vs GeForce GTX 650
IntroThe GeForce 9800 GTX comes with a GPU core speed of 675 MHz, and the 512 MB of GDDR3 RAM is set to run at 1100 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is made up of 128 Stream Processors, 64 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.
Compare those specifications to the GeForce GTX 650, which comes with GPU clock speed of 1058 MHz, and 2048 MB of GDDR5 memory running at 1250 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is comprised of 384 Stream Processors, 32 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Performance-wise, the GeForce GTX 650 should theoretically be a bit better than the GeForce 9800 GTX overall. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce 9800 GTX should be much (approximately 28%) better at anisotropic filtering than the GeForce GTX 650. (explain)
Pixel RateThe GeForce GTX 650 will be much (approximately 57%) more effective at full screen anti-aliasing than the GeForce 9800 GTX, and able to handle higher resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR type memory, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card could possibly write to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.