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GeForce GTX 650 vs Radeon HD 4850 512MB


Intro

The GeForce GTX 650 comes with a core clock frequency of 1058 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1250 MHz. It also features a 128-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It features 384 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 4850 512MB, which makes use of a 55 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 625 MHz. The GDDR3 RAM runs at a speed of 993 MHz on this specific model. It features 800(160x5) SPUs along with 40 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 650 64 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 110 Watts
Difference: 46 Watts (72%)

Memory Bandwidth

The GeForce GTX 650 should theoretically be much faster than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB overall. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 80000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 16448 (26%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 650 is a lot (about 35%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 33856 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 8856 (35%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high resolution is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 650 is a better choice, by far. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 16928 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 6928 (69%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 650

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 650 Radeon HD 4850 512MB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2012 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GK107 RV770 PRO
Memory 1024 MB 512 MB
Core Speed 1058 MHz 625 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 1986 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 64 watts 110 watts
Bandwidth 80000 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 33856 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16928 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR3
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1300 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of data (counted in MB per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface in a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the video card could possibly write to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.

GeForce GTX 650

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

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