Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTX 650 vs Radeon HD 4850 512MB
IntroThe GeForce GTX 650 comes with a clock frequency of 1058 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1250 MHz. It also features a 128-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It features 384 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.
Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 4850 512MB, which has a core clock frequency of 625 MHz and a GDDR3 memory frequency of 993 MHz. It also features a 256-bit memory bus, and uses a 55 nm design. It features 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
In theory, the GeForce GTX 650 should be 26% faster than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB overall, because of its higher data rate. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 650 will be a lot (approximately 35%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB. (explain)
Pixel RateIf running with a high screen resolution is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 650 is superior to the Radeon HD 4850 512MB, by a large margin. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in a second. It is worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the video card can possibly write to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.