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GeForce GTX 650 vs Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 650 comes with a GPU core clock speed of 1058 MHz, and the 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM runs at 1250 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is comprised of 384 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 4850 512MB, which features a GPU core clock speed of 625 MHz, and 512 MB of GDDR3 memory set to run at 993 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is comprised of 800(160x5) Stream Processors, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

Hide Graphs

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 650 64 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 110 Watts
Difference: 46 Watts (72%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the GeForce GTX 650 will be 26% faster than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB in general, due to its greater data rate. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 80000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 16448 (26%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 650 is quite a bit (approximately 35%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 33856 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 8856 (35%)

Pixel Rate

If using high levels of AA is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 650 is a better choice, and very much so. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 16928 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 6928 (69%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 650

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Specifications

Display Specifications

Hide Specifications

Model GeForce GTX 650 Radeon HD 4850 512MB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2012 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GK107 RV770 PRO
Memory 1024 MB 512 MB
Core Speed 1058 MHz 625 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 1986 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 64 watts 110 watts
Bandwidth 80000 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 33856 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16928 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR3
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1300 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface in a second. It is worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card can possibly write to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

GeForce GTX 650

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

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