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GeForce GTX 650 vs Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 650 has a GPU clock speed of 1058 MHz, and the 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM is set to run at 1250 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also features 384 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 4850 512MB, which uses a 55 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 625 MHz. The GDDR3 memory is set to run at a frequency of 993 MHz on this card. It features 800(160x5) SPUs along with 40 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 650 64 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 110 Watts
Difference: 46 Watts (72%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the GeForce GTX 650 should perform quite a bit faster than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB in general. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 80000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 16448 (26%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 650 will be quite a bit (about 35%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 33856 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 8856 (35%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 650 will be much (about 69%) more effective at anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB, and should be able to handle higher screen resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 16928 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 6928 (69%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 650

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 650 Radeon HD 4850 512MB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2012 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GK107 RV770 PRO
Memory 1024 MB 512 MB
Core Speed 1058 MHz 625 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 1986 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 64 watts 110 watts
Bandwidth 80000 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 33856 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16928 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR3
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1300 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly write to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

GeForce GTX 650

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

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