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GeForce GTX 650 vs Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 650 has clock speeds of 1058 MHz on the GPU, and 1250 MHz on the 2048 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 384 SPUs along with 32 Texture Address Units and 16 ROPs.

Compare that to the Radeon HD 4850 512MB, which uses a 55 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 625 MHz. The GDDR3 memory is set to run at a speed of 993 MHz on this specific card. It features 800(160x5) SPUs as well as 40 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 650 64 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 110 Watts
Difference: 46 Watts (72%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the GeForce GTX 650 should in theory be a lot better than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB in general. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 80000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 16448 (26%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 650 will be much (about 35%) more effective at AF than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 33856 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 8856 (35%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 650 will be much (about 69%) faster with regards to FSAA than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB, and also will be able to handle higher screen resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 16928 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 6928 (69%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 650

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 650 Radeon HD 4850 512MB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2012 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GK107 RV770 PRO
Fab Process 28 nm 55 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
Memory 2048 MB 512 MB
Core Speed 1058 MHz 625 MHz
Shader Speed 1058 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 1986 MHz
Unified Shaders 384 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR3
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 3.0
Power (Max TDP) 64 watts 110 watts
Shader Model 5.0 4.1
Bandwidth 80000 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 33856 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16928 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the graphics card can possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

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