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GeForce GTX 650 vs Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 650 features clock speeds of 1058 MHz on the GPU, and 1250 MHz on the 2048 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 384 SPUs along with 32 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 4850 512MB, which uses a 55 nm design. AMD has set the core speed at 625 MHz. The GDDR3 memory runs at a frequency of 993 MHz on this card. It features 800(160x5) SPUs along with 40 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 650 64 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 110 Watts
Difference: 46 Watts (72%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the GeForce GTX 650 should perform quite a bit faster than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB overall. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 80000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 16448 (26%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 650 will be quite a bit (more or less 35%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon HD 4850 512MB. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 33856 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 8856 (35%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high screen resolution is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 650 is a better choice, by far. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 16928 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 512MB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 6928 (69%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 650

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4850 512MB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 650 Radeon HD 4850 512MB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2012 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GK107 RV770 PRO
Memory 2048 MB 512 MB
Core Speed 1058 MHz 625 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 1986 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 64 watts 110 watts
Bandwidth 80000 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 33856 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16928 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR3
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1300 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the interface width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the video card can possibly record to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.

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