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GeForce GTX 650 vs Radeon HD 4890 2GB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 650 features a GPU clock speed of 1058 MHz, and the 2048 MB of GDDR5 memory runs at 1250 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is comprised of 384 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 4890 2GB, which uses a 55 nm design. AMD has set the core frequency at 1000 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM is set to run at a speed of 975 MHz on this model. It features 800(160x5) SPUs along with 40 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 650 64 Watts
Radeon HD 4890 2GB 190 Watts
Difference: 126 Watts (197%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon HD 4890 2GB, in theory, should be much faster than the GeForce GTX 650 in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 4890 2GB 124800 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 650 80000 MB/sec
Difference: 44800 (56%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4890 2GB is a little bit (more or less 18%) better at AF than the GeForce GTX 650. (explain)

Radeon HD 4890 2GB 40000 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTX 650 33856 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 6144 (18%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 650 should be a bit (more or less 6%) better at full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 4890 2GB, and will be able to handle higher resolutions better. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 16928 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 2GB 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 928 (6%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 650

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4890 2GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 650 Radeon HD 4890 2GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2012 Apr 2, 2009
Code Name GK107 RV790 XT
Memory 2048 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 1058 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 3900 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 64 watts 190 watts
Bandwidth 80000 MB/sec 124800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 33856 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16928 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1300 million 959 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface in one second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR type RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are applied per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip can possibly record to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

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