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GeForce GTX 650 vs Radeon HD 4890 2GB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 650 comes with a clock speed of 1058 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1250 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is comprised of 384 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 4890 2GB, which uses a 55 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 1000 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a frequency of 975 MHz on this particular model. It features 800(160x5) SPUs along with 40 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 650 64 Watts
Radeon HD 4890 2GB 190 Watts
Difference: 126 Watts (197%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon HD 4890 2GB should perform quite a bit faster than the GeForce GTX 650 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 4890 2GB 124800 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 650 80000 MB/sec
Difference: 44800 (56%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4890 2GB should be a little bit (approximately 18%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the GeForce GTX 650. (explain)

Radeon HD 4890 2GB 40000 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTX 650 33856 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 6144 (18%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 650 should be a little bit (approximately 6%) better at AA than the Radeon HD 4890 2GB, and capable of handling higher resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 16928 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 2GB 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 928 (6%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 650

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4890 2GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 650 Radeon HD 4890 2GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2012 Apr 2, 2009
Code Name GK107 RV790 XT
Fab Process 28 nm 55 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
Memory 2048 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 1058 MHz 1000 MHz
Shader Speed 1058 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 3900 MHz
Unified Shaders 384 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 3.0
Power (Max TDP) 64 watts 190 watts
Shader Model 5.0 4.1
Bandwidth 80000 MB/sec 124800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 33856 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16928 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface in a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

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