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GeForce GTX 650 vs Radeon HD 4890 2GB


Intro

The GeForce GTX 650 features clock speeds of 1058 MHz on the GPU, and 1250 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 384 SPUs along with 32 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 4890 2GB, which uses a 55 nm design. AMD has set the core frequency at 1000 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a speed of 975 MHz on this model. It features 800(160x5) SPUs along with 40 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 650 64 Watts
Radeon HD 4890 2GB 190 Watts
Difference: 126 Watts (197%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically, the Radeon HD 4890 2GB should be a lot faster than the GeForce GTX 650 in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 4890 2GB 124800 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 650 80000 MB/sec
Difference: 44800 (56%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4890 2GB should be a small bit (approximately 18%) better at anisotropic filtering than the GeForce GTX 650. (explain)

Radeon HD 4890 2GB 40000 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTX 650 33856 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 6144 (18%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 650 should be just a bit (more or less 6%) better at anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 4890 2GB, and also should be capable of handling higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 16928 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 2GB 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 928 (6%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 650

Radeon HD 4890 2GB

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 650 Radeon HD 4890 2GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2012 Apr 2, 2009
Code Name GK107 RV790 XT
Memory 1024 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 1058 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 3900 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 64 watts 190 watts
Bandwidth 80000 MB/sec 124800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 33856 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16928 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1300 million 959 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in a second. It is calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics card can possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate also depends on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.

GeForce GTX 650

Radeon HD 4890 2GB

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