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GeForce GTX 650 vs Radeon HD 4890 2GB

Intro

The GeForce GTX 650 has a GPU core clock speed of 1058 MHz, and the 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory is set to run at 1250 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is made up of 384 Stream Processors, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Compare that to the Radeon HD 4890 2GB, which comes with a clock speed of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 975 MHz. It also uses a 256-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 55 nm design. It is made up of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 650 64 Watts
Radeon HD 4890 2GB 190 Watts
Difference: 126 Watts (197%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon HD 4890 2GB should in theory perform quite a bit faster than the GeForce GTX 650 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 4890 2GB 124800 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 650 80000 MB/sec
Difference: 44800 (56%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4890 2GB is a little bit (approximately 18%) better at anisotropic filtering than the GeForce GTX 650. (explain)

Radeon HD 4890 2GB 40000 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTX 650 33856 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 6144 (18%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 650 will be a little bit (approximately 6%) more effective at FSAA than the Radeon HD 4890 2GB, and will be able to handle higher resolutions more effectively. (explain)

GeForce GTX 650 16928 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4890 2GB 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 928 (6%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 650

Radeon HD 4890 2GB

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 650 Radeon HD 4890 2GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2012 Apr 2, 2009
Code Name GK107 RV790 XT
Memory 1024 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 1058 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 5000 MHz 3900 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 64 watts 190 watts
Bandwidth 80000 MB/sec 124800 MB/sec
Texel Rate 33856 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 16928 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1300 million 959 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in one second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR type RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

GeForce GTX 650

Radeon HD 4890 2GB

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