Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTX 650 vs GeForce GTX 660
IntroThe GeForce GTX 650 has core clock speeds of 1058 MHz on the GPU, and 1250 MHz on the 2048 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 384 SPUs as well as 32 TAUs and 16 ROPs.
Compare that to the GeForce GTX 660, which uses a 28 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core speed at 980 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a frequency of 1502 MHz on this card. It features 960 SPUs as well as 80 TAUs and 24 ROPs.
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
The GeForce GTX 660 should theoretically perform a lot faster than the GeForce GTX 650 overall. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 660 is quite a bit (approximately 132%) better at anisotropic filtering than the GeForce GTX 650. (explain)
Pixel RateIf using a high screen resolution is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 660 is a better choice, and very much so. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card can possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.