Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTX 650 vs GeForce GTX 660
IntroThe GeForce GTX 650 makes use of a 28 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core frequency at 1058 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a frequency of 1250 MHz on this particular card. It features 384 SPUs as well as 32 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.
Compare all that to the GeForce GTX 660, which comes with a clock speed of 980 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1502 MHz. It also uses a 192-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It is made up of 960 SPUs, 80 Texture Address Units, and 24 Raster Operation Units.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Theoretically, the GeForce GTX 660 should perform a lot faster than the GeForce GTX 650 overall. (explain)
Texel RateThe GeForce GTX 660 is much (about 132%) better at anisotropic filtering than the GeForce GTX 650. (explain)
Pixel RateIf using high levels of AA is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 660 is the winner, and very much so. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (counted in MB per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the graphics card can possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.