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GeForce GTX 660 vs Radeon HD 7770

Intro

The GeForce GTX 660 features a GPU core speed of 980 MHz, and the 2048 MB of GDDR5 RAM runs at 1502 MHz through a 192-bit bus. It also is comprised of 960 Stream Processors, 80 Texture Address Units, and 24 Raster Operation Units.

Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 7770, which makes use of a 28 nm design. AMD has set the core speed at 1000 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a speed of 1125 MHz on this particular model. It features 640 SPUs along with 40 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7770 80 Watts
GeForce GTX 660 140 Watts
Difference: 60 Watts (75%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the GeForce GTX 660 should in theory be much superior to the Radeon HD 7770 overall. (explain)

GeForce GTX 660 144192 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7770 72000 MB/sec
Difference: 72192 (100%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 660 will be a lot (approximately 96%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 7770. (explain)

GeForce GTX 660 78400 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7770 40000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 38400 (96%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high resolution is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 660 is superior to the Radeon HD 7770, by a large margin. (explain)

GeForce GTX 660 23520 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7770 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 7520 (47%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GTX 660

Radeon HD 7770

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 660 Radeon HD 7770
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year September 2012 February 2012
Code Name GK106 Cape Verde XT
Memory 2048 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 980 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 6008 MHz 4500 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 140 watts 80 watts
Bandwidth 144192 MB/sec 72000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 78400 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 23520 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 960 640
Texture Mapping Units 80 40
Render Output Units 24 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 192-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 28 nm
Transistors 2540 million 1500 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.3 OpenGL 4.2

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (measured in MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in one second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip could possibly write to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.

GeForce GTX 660

Radeon HD 7770

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