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GeForce GT 640 DDR3 vs Radeon HD 4850 2GB

Intro

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 features a core clock speed of 900 MHz and a DDR3 memory frequency of 1782 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is made up of 384 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 4850 2GB, which makes use of a 55 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 625 MHz. The GDDR4 memory is set to run at a speed of 993 MHz on this specific model. It features 800(160x5) SPUs along with 40 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 65 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 2GB 110 Watts
Difference: 45 Watts (69%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon HD 4850 2GB should theoretically perform a bit faster than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 2GB 63552 MB/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 57024 MB/sec
Difference: 6528 (11%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 is just a bit (about 15%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon HD 4850 2GB. (explain)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 28800 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 2GB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 3800 (15%)

Pixel Rate

If running with high levels of AA is important to you, then the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 is the winner, by a large margin. (explain)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 14400 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 2GB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 4400 (44%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4850 2GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GT 640 DDR3 Radeon HD 4850 2GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year June 2012 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GK107 RV770 PRO
Memory 2048 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 625 MHz
Memory Speed 3564 MHz 1986 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 65 watts 110 watts
Bandwidth 57024 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 14400 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type DDR3 GDDR4
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1300 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the video card could possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

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