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GeForce GT 640 DDR3 vs Radeon HD 4850 2GB

Intro

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 has core speeds of 900 MHz on the GPU, and 1782 MHz on the 2048 MB of DDR3 RAM. It features 384 SPUs along with 32 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 4850 2GB, which has a GPU core clock speed of 625 MHz, and 2048 MB of GDDR4 RAM set to run at 993 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is comprised of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 65 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 2GB 110 Watts
Difference: 45 Watts (69%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Radeon HD 4850 2GB should be 11% quicker than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 in general, due to its greater data rate. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 2GB 63552 MB/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 57024 MB/sec
Difference: 6528 (11%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 will be a bit (about 15%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 4850 2GB. (explain)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 28800 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 2GB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 3800 (15%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 will be much (about 44%) faster with regards to AA than the Radeon HD 4850 2GB, and should be capable of handling higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 14400 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 2GB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 4400 (44%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4850 2GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GT 640 DDR3 Radeon HD 4850 2GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year June 2012 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GK107 RV770 PRO
Memory 2048 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 625 MHz
Memory Speed 3564 MHz 1986 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 65 watts 110 watts
Bandwidth 57024 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 14400 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type DDR3 GDDR4
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1300 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface in a second. The number is calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.

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