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GeForce GT 640 DDR3 vs Radeon HD 4850 2GB


Intro

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 makes use of a 28 nm design. nVidia has set the core frequency at 900 MHz. The DDR3 RAM is set to run at a frequency of 1782 MHz on this particular card. It features 384 SPUs along with 32 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 4850 2GB, which comes with a clock frequency of 625 MHz and a GDDR4 memory frequency of 993 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit memory bus, and uses a 55 nm design. It features 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 65 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 2GB 110 Watts
Difference: 45 Watts (69%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 4850 2GB should in theory be a bit better than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 2GB 63552 MB/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 57024 MB/sec
Difference: 6528 (11%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 will be a bit (approximately 15%) more effective at AF than the Radeon HD 4850 2GB. (explain)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 28800 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 2GB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 3800 (15%)

Pixel Rate

If using lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 is a better choice, and very much so. (explain)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 14400 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 2GB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 4400 (44%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Radeon HD 4850 2GB

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GT 640 DDR3 Radeon HD 4850 2GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year June 2012 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GK107 RV770 PRO
Memory 2048 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 625 MHz
Memory Speed 3564 MHz 1986 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 65 watts 110 watts
Bandwidth 57024 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 14400 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type DDR3 GDDR4
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 55 nm
Transistors 1300 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface in one second. It is calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR type RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Radeon HD 4850 2GB

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