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GeForce GT 640 DDR3 vs Radeon HD 5850

Intro

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 has core clock speeds of 900 MHz on the GPU, and 1782 MHz on the 2048 MB of DDR3 RAM. It features 384 SPUs along with 32 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 5850, which has a core clock frequency of 725 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1000 MHz. It also uses a 256-bit bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is made up of 1440(288x5) SPUs, 72 TAUs, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 65 Watts
Radeon HD 5850 151 Watts
Difference: 86 Watts (132%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon HD 5850 should theoretically be quite a bit faster than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 128000 MB/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 57024 MB/sec
Difference: 70976 (124%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5850 will be a lot (about 81%) more effective at AF than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 52200 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 28800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 23400 (81%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 5850 is much (about 61%) better at FSAA than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3, and able to handle higher resolutions better. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 23200 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 14400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 8800 (61%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Radeon HD 5850

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GT 640 DDR3 Radeon HD 5850
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year June 2012 September 30, 2009
Code Name GK107 Cypress PRO
Memory 2048 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 725 MHz
Memory Speed 3564 MHz 4000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 65 watts 151 watts
Bandwidth 57024 MB/sec 128000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 52200 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 14400 Mpixels/sec 23200 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 1440(288x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 72
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type DDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 40 nm
Transistors 1300 million 2154 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 3.2

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the graphics card can possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.

GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Radeon HD 5850

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