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GeForce GT 640 DDR3 vs Radeon HD 5850

Intro

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 has a GPU clock speed of 900 MHz, and the 2048 MB of DDR3 RAM is set to run at 1782 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is comprised of 384 SPUs, 32 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 5850, which features a clock speed of 725 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1000 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 40 nm design. It is comprised of 1440(288x5) SPUs, 72 TAUs, and 32 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 65 Watts
Radeon HD 5850 151 Watts
Difference: 86 Watts (132%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the Radeon HD 5850 should in theory be much superior to the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 128000 MB/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 57024 MB/sec
Difference: 70976 (124%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5850 is much (about 81%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 52200 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 28800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 23400 (81%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high resolution is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5850 is a better choice, and very much so. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 23200 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 14400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 8800 (61%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Display Prices

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GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 5850

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GT 640 DDR3 Radeon HD 5850
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year June 2012 September 30, 2009
Code Name GK107 Cypress PRO
Fab Process 28 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 2048 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 725 MHz
Shader Speed 900 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1782 MHz (3564 MHz effective) 1000 MHz (4000 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 384 1440(288x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 72
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type DDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 3.2
Power (Max TDP) 65 watts 151 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 57024 MB/sec 128000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 52200 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 14400 Mpixels/sec 23200 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface in a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. If the card has DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.

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