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GeForce GT 640 DDR3 vs Radeon HD 5850

Intro

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 comes with a GPU clock speed of 900 MHz, and the 2048 MB of DDR3 memory is set to run at 1782 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is made up of 384 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 5850, which features core clock speeds of 725 MHz on the GPU, and 1000 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 1440(288x5) SPUs along with 72 TAUs and 32 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 65 Watts
Radeon HD 5850 151 Watts
Difference: 86 Watts (132%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the Radeon HD 5850 will be 124% faster than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 in general, due to its higher data rate. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 128000 MB/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 57024 MB/sec
Difference: 70976 (124%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5850 is much (more or less 81%) more effective at texture filtering than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 52200 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 28800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 23400 (81%)

Pixel Rate

If using lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5850 is superior to the GeForce GT 640 DDR3, and very much so. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 23200 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 14400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 8800 (61%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 5850

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model GeForce GT 640 DDR3 Radeon HD 5850
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year June 2012 September 30, 2009
Code Name GK107 Cypress PRO
Fab Process 28 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 2048 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 725 MHz
Shader Speed 900 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1782 MHz (3564 MHz effective) 1000 MHz (4000 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 384 1440(288x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 72
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type DDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 3.2
Power (Max TDP) 65 watts 151 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 57024 MB/sec 128000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 52200 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 14400 Mpixels/sec 23200 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in one second. It's calculated by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR memory, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip could possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the number of ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.

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