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GeForce GT 640 DDR3 vs Radeon HD 5850


Intro

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 uses a 28 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core speed at 900 MHz. The DDR3 memory works at a frequency of 1782 MHz on this specific model. It features 384 SPUs as well as 32 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare all that to the Radeon HD 5850, which comes with a clock frequency of 725 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1000 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 40 nm design. It features 1440(288x5) SPUs, 72 TAUs, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 65 Watts
Radeon HD 5850 151 Watts
Difference: 86 Watts (132%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically, the Radeon HD 5850 should perform quite a bit faster than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 128000 MB/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 57024 MB/sec
Difference: 70976 (124%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5850 is much (about 81%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 52200 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 28800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 23400 (81%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 5850 should be quite a bit (more or less 61%) better at FSAA than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3, and also will be able to handle higher screen resolutions while still performing well. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 23200 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 14400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 8800 (61%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 5850

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GT 640 DDR3 Radeon HD 5850
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year June 2012 September 30, 2009
Code Name GK107 Cypress PRO
Memory 2048 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 725 MHz
Memory Speed 3564 MHz 4000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 65 watts 151 watts
Bandwidth 57024 MB/sec 128000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 52200 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 14400 Mpixels/sec 23200 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 1440(288x5)
Texture Mapping Units 32 72
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type DDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 40 nm
Transistors 1300 million 2154 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 3.2

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface in a second. It's worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 5850

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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