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GeForce GT 640 DDR3 vs GeForce GTX 580 3GB

Intro

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 makes use of a 28 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core speed at 900 MHz. The DDR3 memory works at a frequency of 1782 MHz on this particular model. It features 384 SPUs as well as 32 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the GeForce GTX 580 3GB, which makes use of a 40 nm design. nVidia has set the core speed at 772 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM is set to run at a frequency of 1002 MHz on this particular model. It features 512 SPUs as well as 64 TAUs and 48 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 65 Watts
GeForce GTX 580 3GB 244 Watts
Difference: 179 Watts (275%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the GeForce GTX 580 3GB should in theory be quite a bit superior to the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 overall. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 192384 MB/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 57024 MB/sec
Difference: 135360 (237%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 580 3GB will be much (more or less 72%) more effective at texture filtering than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 49408 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 28800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 20608 (72%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 580 3GB is quite a bit (about 157%) better at AA than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3, and capable of handling higher resolutions while still performing well. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 37056 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 14400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 22656 (157%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords, and might not be the exact same card listed on this page. We have no control over the accuracy of their search results.

GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Amazon.com

Other US-based stores

GeForce GTX 580 3GB

Amazon.com

Other US-based stores

Specifications

Model GeForce GT 640 DDR3 GeForce GTX 580 3GB
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year June 2012 November 2010
Code Name GK107 GF110
Fab Process 28 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe x16
Memory 2048 MB 3072 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 772 MHz
Shader Speed 900 MHz 1544 MHz
Memory Speed 1782 MHz (3564 MHz effective) 1002 MHz (4008 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 384 512
Texture Mapping Units 32 64
Render Output Units 16 48
Bus Type DDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 384-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.1 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 4.1
Power (Max TDP) 65 watts 244 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 57024 MB/sec 192384 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 49408 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 14400 Mpixels/sec 37056 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface in a second. It is calculated by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the graphics card can possibly write to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

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