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GeForce GT 640 DDR3 vs GeForce GTX 580 3GB

Intro

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 features a core clock frequency of 900 MHz and a DDR3 memory frequency of 1782 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is made up of 384 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Compare that to the GeForce GTX 580 3GB, which has a core clock speed of 772 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1002 MHz. It also makes use of a 384-bit memory bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It features 512 SPUs, 64 Texture Address Units, and 48 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 65 Watts
GeForce GTX 580 3GB 244 Watts
Difference: 179 Watts (275%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the GeForce GTX 580 3GB should theoretically be a lot better than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 overall. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 192384 MB/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 57024 MB/sec
Difference: 135360 (237%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 580 3GB is quite a bit (more or less 72%) better at anisotropic filtering than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 49408 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 28800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 20608 (72%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high screen resolution is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 580 3GB is the winner, by far. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 37056 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 14400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 22656 (157%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Amazon.com

GeForce GTX 580 3GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GT 640 DDR3 GeForce GTX 580 3GB
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year June 2012 November 2010
Code Name GK107 GF110
Memory 2048 MB 3072 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 772 MHz
Memory Speed 3564 MHz 4008 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 65 watts 244 watts
Bandwidth 57024 MB/sec 192384 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 49408 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 14400 Mpixels/sec 37056 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 512
Texture Mapping Units 32 64
Render Output Units 16 48
Bus Type DDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 384-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 40 nm
Transistors 1300 million 3000 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 4.1

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of information (measured in MB per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface in one second. It is worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

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