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GeForce GT 640 DDR3 vs GeForce GTX 580 3GB

Intro

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 has core clock speeds of 900 MHz on the GPU, and 1782 MHz on the 2048 MB of DDR3 RAM. It features 384 SPUs along with 32 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the GeForce GTX 580 3GB, which comes with core clock speeds of 772 MHz on the GPU, and 1002 MHz on the 3072 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 512 SPUs as well as 64 TAUs and 48 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 65 Watts
GeForce GTX 580 3GB 244 Watts
Difference: 179 Watts (275%)

Memory Bandwidth

The GeForce GTX 580 3GB should in theory perform quite a bit faster than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 in general. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 192384 MB/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 57024 MB/sec
Difference: 135360 (237%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 580 3GB will be a lot (more or less 72%) better at texture filtering than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 49408 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 28800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 20608 (72%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high screen resolution is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 580 3GB is a better choice, by far. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 37056 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 14400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 22656 (157%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Amazon.com

GeForce GTX 580 3GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GT 640 DDR3 GeForce GTX 580 3GB
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year June 2012 November 2010
Code Name GK107 GF110
Memory 2048 MB 3072 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 772 MHz
Memory Speed 3564 MHz 4008 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 65 watts 244 watts
Bandwidth 57024 MB/sec 192384 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 49408 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 14400 Mpixels/sec 37056 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 512
Texture Mapping Units 32 64
Render Output Units 16 48
Bus Type DDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 384-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 40 nm
Transistors 1300 million 3000 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 4.1

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface in one second. It's calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the video card can possibly record to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

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