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A Question

Compare any two graphics cards:
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GeForce GT 640 DDR3 vs GeForce GTX 580 3GB

Intro

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 makes use of a 28 nm design. nVidia has set the core frequency at 900 MHz. The DDR3 memory is set to run at a frequency of 1782 MHz on this model. It features 384 SPUs as well as 32 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare that to the GeForce GTX 580 3GB, which comes with clock speeds of 772 MHz on the GPU, and 1002 MHz on the 3072 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 512 SPUs along with 64 TAUs and 48 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 65 Watts
GeForce GTX 580 3GB 244 Watts
Difference: 179 Watts (275%)

Memory Bandwidth

The GeForce GTX 580 3GB should theoretically perform much faster than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 overall. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 192384 MB/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 57024 MB/sec
Difference: 135360 (237%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 580 3GB is much (approximately 72%) faster with regards to anisotropic filtering than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 49408 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 28800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 20608 (72%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 580 3GB is a lot (about 157%) faster with regards to AA than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3, and should be able to handle higher resolutions while still performing well. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 37056 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 14400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 22656 (157%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Display Prices

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GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Amazon.com

GeForce GTX 580 3GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model GeForce GT 640 DDR3 GeForce GTX 580 3GB
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year June 2012 November 2010
Code Name GK107 GF110
Fab Process 28 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe x16
Memory 2048 MB 3072 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 772 MHz
Shader Speed 900 MHz 1544 MHz
Memory Speed 3564 MHz 4008 MHz
Unified Shaders 384 512
Texture Mapping Units 32 64
Render Output Units 16 48
Bus Type DDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 384-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 4.1
Power (Max TDP) 65 watts 244 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 57024 MB/sec 192384 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 49408 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 14400 Mpixels/sec 37056 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR type RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

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