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GeForce GT 640 DDR3 vs GeForce GTX 580 3GB

Intro

The GeForce GT 640 DDR3 features a clock speed of 900 MHz and a DDR3 memory frequency of 1782 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It features 384 SPUs, 32 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.

Compare all that to the GeForce GTX 580 3GB, which uses a 40 nm design. nVidia has set the core frequency at 772 MHz. The GDDR5 memory runs at a frequency of 1002 MHz on this model. It features 512 SPUs along with 64 TAUs and 48 ROPs.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GT 640 DDR3 65 Watts
GeForce GTX 580 3GB 244 Watts
Difference: 179 Watts (275%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically speaking, the GeForce GTX 580 3GB should be 237% faster than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3 in general, because of its higher data rate. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 192384 MB/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 57024 MB/sec
Difference: 135360 (237%)

Texel Rate

The GeForce GTX 580 3GB will be a lot (more or less 72%) faster with regards to AF than the GeForce GT 640 DDR3. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 49408 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 28800 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 20608 (72%)

Pixel Rate

If using high levels of AA is important to you, then the GeForce GTX 580 3GB is the winner, and very much so. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 3GB 37056 Mpixels/sec
GeForce GT 640 DDR3 14400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 22656 (157%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GT 640 DDR3

Amazon.com

GeForce GTX 580 3GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GT 640 DDR3 GeForce GTX 580 3GB
Manufacturer nVidia nVidia
Year June 2012 November 2010
Code Name GK107 GF110
Memory 2048 MB 3072 MB
Core Speed 900 MHz 772 MHz
Memory Speed 3564 MHz 4008 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 65 watts 244 watts
Bandwidth 57024 MB/sec 192384 MB/sec
Texel Rate 28800 Mtexels/sec 49408 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 14400 Mpixels/sec 37056 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 384 512
Texture Mapping Units 32 64
Render Output Units 16 48
Bus Type DDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 384-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 40 nm
Transistors 1300 million 3000 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 4.1

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the largest amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card can possibly record to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

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