Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce 8800 GTX vs Geforce GTX 680
IntroThe GeForce 8800 GTX features core clock speeds of 575 MHz on the GPU, and 900 MHz on the 768 MB of GDDR3 memory. It features 128 SPUs along with 64 Texture Address Units and 24 Rasterization Operator Units.
Compare all of that to the Geforce GTX 680, which comes with a core clock speed of 1006 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1502 MHz. It also features a 256-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It features 1536 SPUs, 128 Texture Address Units, and 32 Raster Operation Units.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
In theory, the Geforce GTX 680 should be much faster than the GeForce 8800 GTX in general. (explain)
Texel RateThe Geforce GTX 680 is much (about 250%) better at texture filtering than the GeForce 8800 GTX. (explain)
Pixel RateThe Geforce GTX 680 is much (about 133%) more effective at anti-aliasing than the GeForce 8800 GTX, and will be able to handle higher resolutions better. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. If it uses DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are applied per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.