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Geforce GTX 680 vs Radeon HD 4850 1GB


Intro

The Geforce GTX 680 features clock speeds of 1006 MHz on the GPU, and 1502 MHz on the 2048 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 1536 SPUs along with 128 TAUs and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 4850 1GB, which has core clock speeds of 625 MHz on the GPU, and 993 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR4 memory. It features 800(160x5) SPUs along with 40 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 4850 1GB 110 Watts
Geforce GTX 680 195 Watts
Difference: 85 Watts (77%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Geforce GTX 680 should in theory perform much faster than the Radeon HD 4850 1GB overall. (explain)

Geforce GTX 680 192256 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 1GB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 128704 (203%)

Texel Rate

The Geforce GTX 680 should be quite a bit (approximately 415%) more effective at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 4850 1GB. (explain)

Geforce GTX 680 128768 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 1GB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 103768 (415%)

Pixel Rate

The Geforce GTX 680 is much (about 222%) more effective at anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 4850 1GB, and also should be able to handle higher screen resolutions better. (explain)

Geforce GTX 680 32192 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 1GB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 22192 (222%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Geforce GTX 680

Radeon HD 4850 1GB

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model Geforce GTX 680 Radeon HD 4850 1GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year March 2012 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GK104 RV770 PRO
Memory 2048 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 1006 MHz 625 MHz
Memory Speed 6008 MHz 1986 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 195 watts 110 watts
Bandwidth 192256 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 128768 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 32192 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1536 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 128 40
Render Output Units 32 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR4
Bus Width 256-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 28 nm 55 nm
Transistors 3540 million 956 million
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 3.0

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of data (counted in MB per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface in a second. It is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels the graphics card can possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

Geforce GTX 680

Radeon HD 4850 1GB

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