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Geforce GTX 680 vs Radeon HD 4850 1GB

Intro

The Geforce GTX 680 comes with a clock frequency of 1006 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1502 MHz. It also features a 256-bit bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is made up of 1536 SPUs, 128 Texture Address Units, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 4850 1GB, which comes with a GPU core clock speed of 625 MHz, and 1024 MB of GDDR4 RAM running at 993 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is comprised of 800(160x5) Stream Processors, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 4850 1GB 110 Watts
Geforce GTX 680 195 Watts
Difference: 85 Watts (77%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Geforce GTX 680 should perform a lot faster than the Radeon HD 4850 1GB in general. (explain)

Geforce GTX 680 192256 MB/sec
Radeon HD 4850 1GB 63552 MB/sec
Difference: 128704 (203%)

Texel Rate

The Geforce GTX 680 should be quite a bit (more or less 415%) better at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 4850 1GB. (explain)

Geforce GTX 680 128768 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 1GB 25000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 103768 (415%)

Pixel Rate

The Geforce GTX 680 should be a lot (about 222%) better at AA than the Radeon HD 4850 1GB, and also should be able to handle higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

Geforce GTX 680 32192 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 4850 1GB 10000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 22192 (222%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Geforce GTX 680

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 4850 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Geforce GTX 680 Radeon HD 4850 1GB
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year March 2012 Jun 25, 2008
Code Name GK104 RV770 PRO
Fab Process 28 nm 55 nm
Bus PCIe 3.0 x16 PCIe 2.0 x16
Memory 2048 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 1006 MHz 625 MHz
Shader Speed 1006 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1502 MHz (6008 MHz effective) 993 MHz (1986 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 1536 800(160x5)
Texture Mapping Units 128 40
Render Output Units 32 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR4
Bus Width 256-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11.0 DirectX 10.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.2 OpenGL 3.0
Power (Max TDP) 195 watts 110 watts
Shader Model 5.0 4.1
Bandwidth 192256 MB/sec 63552 MB/sec
Texel Rate 128768 Mtexels/sec 25000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 32192 Mpixels/sec 10000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed in one second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics card could possibly write to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate also depends on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.

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