Compare any two graphics cards:
GeForce GTX 580 vs Geforce GTX 680
IntroThe GeForce GTX 580 makes use of a 40 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core frequency at 772 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM runs at a speed of 1002 MHz on this particular card. It features 512 SPUs as well as 64 TAUs and 48 ROPs.
Compare that to the Geforce GTX 680, which makes use of a 28 nm design. nVidia has set the core frequency at 1006 MHz. The GDDR5 memory is set to run at a speed of 1502 MHz on this model. It features 1536 SPUs as well as 128 Texture Address Units and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.
(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)
Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks
Power Consumption (Max TDP)
Performance-wise, the GeForce GTX 580 should theoretically be a little bit better than the Geforce GTX 680 overall. (explain)
Texel RateThe Geforce GTX 680 will be much (approximately 161%) more effective at texture filtering than the GeForce GTX 580. (explain)
Pixel RateThe GeForce GTX 580 will be a bit (approximately 15%) better at FSAA than the Geforce GTX 680, and also will be able to handle higher screen resolutions while still performing well. (explain)
Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.
Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.
Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in one second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's bus width by its memory clock speed. In the case of DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.
Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.
Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card can possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate also depends on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the max fill rate.