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Radeon HD 5770 vs Radeon HD 7850

Intro

The Radeon HD 5770 uses a 40 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 850 MHz. The GDDR5 RAM works at a frequency of 1200 MHz on this card. It features 800(160x5) SPUs as well as 40 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare all that to the Radeon HD 7850, which has GPU clock speed of 860 MHz, and 2048 MB of GDDR5 RAM running at 1200 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also features 1024 Stream Processors, 64 Texture Address Units, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5770 108 Watts
Radeon HD 7850 130 Watts
Difference: 22 Watts (20%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon HD 7850 will be 100% quicker than the Radeon HD 5770 in general, due to its higher bandwidth. (explain)

Radeon HD 7850 153600 MB/sec
Radeon HD 5770 76800 MB/sec
Difference: 76800 (100%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 7850 is quite a bit (approximately 62%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon HD 5770. (explain)

Radeon HD 7850 55040 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5770 34000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 21040 (62%)

Pixel Rate

If using a high screen resolution is important to you, then the Radeon HD 7850 is the winner, by a large margin. (explain)

Radeon HD 7850 27520 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5770 13600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 13920 (102%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 5770

Radeon HD 7850

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 5770 Radeon HD 7850
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 13, 2009 March 2012
Code Name Juniper XT Pitcairn Pro
Memory 1024 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 850 MHz 860 MHz
Memory Speed 4800 MHz 4800 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 108 watts 130 watts
Bandwidth 76800 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 34000 Mtexels/sec 55040 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 13600 Mpixels/sec 27520 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) 1024
Texture Mapping Units 40 64
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 28 nm
Transistors 1040 million 2800 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 4.2

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be moved across the external memory interface within a second. It's calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied per second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card can possibly write to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

Radeon HD 5770

Radeon HD 7850

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