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Radeon HD 5770 vs Radeon HD 7850

Intro

The Radeon HD 5770 has a core clock frequency of 850 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1200 MHz. It also makes use of a 128-bit bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It features 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 7850, which comes with clock speeds of 860 MHz on the GPU, and 1200 MHz on the 2048 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 1024 SPUs along with 64 Texture Address Units and 32 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5770 108 Watts
Radeon HD 7850 130 Watts
Difference: 22 Watts (20%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the Radeon HD 7850 should theoretically be quite a bit superior to the Radeon HD 5770 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 7850 153600 MB/sec
Radeon HD 5770 76800 MB/sec
Difference: 76800 (100%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 7850 is a lot (approximately 62%) better at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 5770. (explain)

Radeon HD 7850 55040 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5770 34000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 21040 (62%)

Pixel Rate

If using high levels of AA is important to you, then the Radeon HD 7850 is the winner, by far. (explain)

Radeon HD 7850 27520 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5770 13600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 13920 (102%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 5770

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 7850

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Radeon HD 5770 Radeon HD 7850
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 13, 2009 March 2012
Code Name Juniper XT Pitcairn Pro
Fab Process 40 nm 28 nm
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
Memory 1024 MB 2048 MB
Core Speed 850 MHz 860 MHz
Shader Speed N/A MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1200 MHz (4800 MHz effective) 1200 MHz (4800 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) 1024
Texture Mapping Units 40 64
Render Output Units 16 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 256-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 4.2
Power (Max TDP) 108 watts 130 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 76800 MB/sec 153600 MB/sec
Texel Rate 34000 Mtexels/sec 55040 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 13600 Mpixels/sec 27520 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the largest amount of data (in units of MB per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in a second. It is calculated by multiplying the interface width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the video card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics chip could possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.

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