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Radeon HD 5770 vs Radeon HD 7770

Intro

The Radeon HD 5770 makes use of a 40 nm design. AMD has set the core frequency at 850 MHz. The GDDR5 memory runs at a speed of 1200 MHz on this particular model. It features 800(160x5) SPUs as well as 40 Texture Address Units and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 7770, which uses a 28 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 1000 MHz. The GDDR5 memory is set to run at a speed of 1125 MHz on this particular model. It features 640 SPUs as well as 40 TAUs and 16 ROPs.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7770 80 Watts
Radeon HD 5770 108 Watts
Difference: 28 Watts (35%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon HD 5770 should be a small bit faster than the Radeon HD 7770 in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 5770 76800 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7770 72000 MB/sec
Difference: 4800 (7%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 7770 will be just a bit (more or less 18%) more effective at texture filtering than the Radeon HD 5770. (explain)

Radeon HD 7770 40000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5770 34000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 6000 (18%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 7770 is a small bit (about 18%) better at full screen anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 5770, and capable of handling higher screen resolutions better. (explain)

Radeon HD 7770 16000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5770 13600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 2400 (18%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 5770

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 7770

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 5770 Radeon HD 7770
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 13, 2009 February 2012
Code Name Juniper XT Cape Verde XT
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 850 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 4800 MHz 4500 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 108 watts 80 watts
Bandwidth 76800 MB/sec 72000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 34000 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 13600 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) 640
Texture Mapping Units 40 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 28 nm
Transistors 1040 million 1500 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 4.2

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in one second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by the speed of its memory. In the case of DDR RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics chip could possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel rate is also dependant on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

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