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Radeon HD 5770 vs Radeon HD 7770

Intro

The Radeon HD 5770 has a clock speed of 850 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1200 MHz. It also makes use of a 128-bit memory bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is comprised of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 7770, which features core speeds of 1000 MHz on the GPU, and 1125 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 640 SPUs as well as 40 Texture Address Units and 16 ROPs.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7770 80 Watts
Radeon HD 5770 108 Watts
Difference: 28 Watts (35%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 5770 should theoretically be a little bit better than the Radeon HD 7770 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 5770 76800 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7770 72000 MB/sec
Difference: 4800 (7%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 7770 should be just a bit (about 18%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon HD 5770. (explain)

Radeon HD 7770 40000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5770 34000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 6000 (18%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 7770 is just a bit (about 18%) better at AA than the Radeon HD 5770, and also should be able to handle higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

Radeon HD 7770 16000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5770 13600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 2400 (18%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 5770

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 7770

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 5770 Radeon HD 7770
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 13, 2009 February 2012
Code Name Juniper XT Cape Verde XT
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 850 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 4800 MHz 4500 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 108 watts 80 watts
Bandwidth 76800 MB/sec 72000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 34000 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 13600 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) 640
Texture Mapping Units 40 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 28 nm
Transistors 1040 million 1500 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 4.2

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of data (measured in megabytes per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface within a second. It is worked out by multiplying the interface width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are applied per second. This is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better this number, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the graphics card could possibly write to its local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

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