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Radeon HD 5770 vs Radeon HD 7770

Intro

The Radeon HD 5770 features a clock speed of 850 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1200 MHz. It also uses a 128-bit bus, and makes use of a 40 nm design. It features 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

Compare that to the Radeon HD 7770, which has GPU clock speed of 1000 MHz, and 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM set to run at 1125 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also is comprised of 640 Stream Processors, 40 TAUs, and 16 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7770 80 Watts
Radeon HD 5770 108 Watts
Difference: 28 Watts (35%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 5770 should theoretically be a little bit superior to the Radeon HD 7770 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 5770 76800 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7770 72000 MB/sec
Difference: 4800 (7%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 7770 is just a bit (approximately 18%) better at texture filtering than the Radeon HD 5770. (explain)

Radeon HD 7770 40000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5770 34000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 6000 (18%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 7770 should be a small bit (more or less 18%) faster with regards to AA than the Radeon HD 5770, and also able to handle higher screen resolutions without slowing down too much. (explain)

Radeon HD 7770 16000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5770 13600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 2400 (18%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 5770

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 7770

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Radeon HD 5770 Radeon HD 7770
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 13, 2009 February 2012
Code Name Juniper XT Cape Verde XT
Fab Process 40 nm 28 nm
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 850 MHz 1000 MHz
Shader Speed N/A MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1200 MHz (4800 MHz effective) 1125 MHz (4500 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) 640
Texture Mapping Units 40 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 128-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 4.2
Power (Max TDP) 108 watts 80 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 76800 MB/sec 72000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 34000 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 13600 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transferred past the external memory interface in a second. It's calculated by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that can be applied in one second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the video card could possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel output rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to get to the maximum fill rate.

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