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Radeon HD 5770 vs Radeon HD 7770

Intro

The Radeon HD 5770 comes with core clock speeds of 850 MHz on the GPU, and 1200 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory. It features 800(160x5) SPUs as well as 40 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare all that to the Radeon HD 7770, which features a core clock frequency of 1000 MHz and a GDDR5 memory speed of 1125 MHz. It also makes use of a 128-bit bus, and uses a 28 nm design. It is made up of 640 SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7770 80 Watts
Radeon HD 5770 108 Watts
Difference: 28 Watts (35%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 5770 should in theory be a little bit superior to the Radeon HD 7770 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 5770 76800 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7770 72000 MB/sec
Difference: 4800 (7%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 7770 should be a small bit (more or less 18%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon HD 5770. (explain)

Radeon HD 7770 40000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5770 34000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 6000 (18%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 7770 is a small bit (more or less 18%) faster with regards to anti-aliasing than the Radeon HD 5770, and should be able to handle higher resolutions while still performing well. (explain)

Radeon HD 7770 16000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 5770 13600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 2400 (18%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 5770

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 7770

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 5770 Radeon HD 7770
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year October 13, 2009 February 2012
Code Name Juniper XT Cape Verde XT
Memory 1024 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 850 MHz 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 4800 MHz 4500 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 108 watts 80 watts
Bandwidth 76800 MB/sec 72000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 34000 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 13600 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) 640
Texture Mapping Units 40 40
Render Output Units 16 16
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 128-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 28 nm
Transistors 1040 million 1500 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 4.2

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of information (measured in MB per second) that can be moved over the external memory interface within a second. The number is worked out by multiplying the card's bus width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This is calculated by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly write to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is calculated by multiplying the amount of Render Output Units by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

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