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Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB vs Radeon HD 7770

Intro

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB has a GPU clock speed of 625 MHz, and the 512 MB of GDDR3 memory runs at 993 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is made up of 800(160x5) SPUs, 40 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 7770, which features GPU clock speed of 1000 MHz, and 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory set to run at 1125 MHz through a 128-bit bus. It also features 640 SPUs, 40 TAUs, and 16 Raster Operation Units.

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 7770 80 Watts
Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 250 Watts
Difference: 170 Watts (213%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB should in theory be a lot better than the Radeon HD 7770 in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 127104 MB/sec
Radeon HD 7770 72000 MB/sec
Difference: 55104 (77%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB is quite a bit (approximately 25%) faster with regards to AF than the Radeon HD 7770. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 50000 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 7770 40000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 10000 (25%)

Pixel Rate

If using high levels of AA is important to you, then the Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB is superior to the Radeon HD 7770, and very much so. (explain)

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB 20000 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7770 16000 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 4000 (25%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

One or more cards in this comparison are multi-core. This means that their bandwidth, texel and pixel rates are theoretically doubled - this does not mean the card will actually perform twice as fast, but only that it should in theory be able to. Actual game benchmarks will give a more accurate idea of what it's capable of.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon HD 7770

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB Radeon HD 7770
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Nov 7, 2008 February 2012
Code Name R700 Cape Verde XT
Memory 512 MB (x2) 1024 MB
Core Speed 625 MHz (x2) 1000 MHz
Memory Speed 1986 MHz (x2) 4500 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 250 watts 80 watts
Bandwidth 127104 MB/sec 72000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 50000 Mtexels/sec 40000 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 20000 Mpixels/sec 16000 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 800(160x5) (x2) 640
Texture Mapping Units 40 (x2) 40
Render Output Units 16 (x2) 16
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit (x2) 128-bit
Fab Process 55 nm 28 nm
Transistors 956 million 1500 million
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16 (PCIe bridge) PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.2

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in one second. It is worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory clock speed. If it uses DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that can be processed per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the video card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card could possibly record to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is worked out by multiplying the amount of colour ROPs by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel output rate is also dependant on many other factors, especially the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the maximum fill rate.

Display Prices

Hide Prices

Radeon HD 4850 X2 512MB

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Radeon HD 7770

Amazon.com

Check prices at:

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

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