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Radeon HD 5870 vs Radeon HD 7950


Intro

The Radeon HD 5870 comes with a clock speed of 850 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1200 MHz. It also makes use of a 256-bit memory bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is comprised of 1600(320x5) SPUs, 80 TAUs, and 32 ROPs.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 7950, which comes with a core clock frequency of 800 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1250 MHz. It also features a 384-bit memory bus, and makes use of a 28 nm design. It is made up of 1792 SPUs, 112 Texture Address Units, and 32 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 5870 188 Watts
Radeon HD 7950 200 Watts
Difference: 12 Watts (6%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 7950 should theoretically be much better than the Radeon HD 5870 overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 7950 240000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 5870 153600 MB/sec
Difference: 86400 (56%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 7950 should be a lot (more or less 32%) better at AF than the Radeon HD 5870. (explain)

Radeon HD 7950 89600 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 5870 68000 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 21600 (32%)

Pixel Rate

If using lots of anti-aliasing is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5870 is the winner, not by a very large margin though. (explain)

Radeon HD 5870 27200 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7950 25600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 1600 (6%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 5870

Radeon HD 7950

Specifications

Display Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 5870 Radeon HD 7950
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year September 23, 2009 January 2012
Code Name Cypress XT Tahiti Pro
Memory 1024 MB 1536 MB
Core Speed 850 MHz 800 MHz
Memory Speed 4800 MHz 5000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 188 watts 200 watts
Bandwidth 153600 MB/sec 240000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 68000 Mtexels/sec 89600 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 27200 Mpixels/sec 25600 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1600(320x5) 1792
Texture Mapping Units 80 112
Render Output Units 32 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 384-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 28 nm
Transistors 2154 million 4313 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 4.2

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of information (in units of MB per second) that can be transported past the external memory interface in a second. It's worked out by multiplying the card's interface width by the speed of its memory. If it uses DDR RAM, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum amount of pixels that the graphics chip can possibly write to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the number of Render Output Units by the clock speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also called Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

Radeon HD 5870

Radeon HD 7950

Comments

One Response to “Radeon HD 5870 vs Radeon HD 7950”
Anonymous says:

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