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A Question

Compare any two graphics cards:
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GeForce GTX 580 vs Radeon HD 7970

Intro

The GeForce GTX 580 makes use of a 40 nm design. nVidia has clocked the core frequency at 772 MHz. The GDDR5 memory is set to run at a frequency of 1002 MHz on this particular model. It features 512 SPUs along with 64 Texture Address Units and 48 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 7970, which has core clock speeds of 925 MHz on the GPU, and 1375 MHz on the 3072 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 2048 SPUs as well as 128 TAUs and 32 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

GeForce GTX 580 244 Watts
Radeon HD 7970 250 Watts
Difference: 6 Watts (2%)

Memory Bandwidth

Theoretically, the Radeon HD 7970 should perform a lot faster than the GeForce GTX 580 in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 7970 264000 MB/sec
GeForce GTX 580 192384 MB/sec
Difference: 71616 (37%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 7970 should be a lot (approximately 140%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the GeForce GTX 580. (explain)

Radeon HD 7970 118400 Mtexels/sec
GeForce GTX 580 49408 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 68992 (140%)

Pixel Rate

The GeForce GTX 580 will be quite a bit (more or less 25%) faster with regards to FSAA than the Radeon HD 7970, and also able to handle higher screen resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

GeForce GTX 580 37056 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 7970 29600 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 7456 (25%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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GeForce GTX 580

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 7970

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model GeForce GTX 580 Radeon HD 7970
Manufacturer nVidia AMD
Year November 2010 January 2012
Code Name GF110 Tahiti XT
Fab Process 40 nm 28 nm
Bus PCIe x16 PCIe 3.0 x16
Memory 1536 MB 3072 MB
Core Speed 772 MHz 925 MHz
Shader Speed 1544 MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 4008 MHz 5500 MHz
Unified Shaders 512 2048
Texture Mapping Units 64 128
Render Output Units 48 32
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 384-bit 384-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11.1
OpenGL Version OpenGL 4.1 OpenGL 4.2
Power (Max TDP) 244 watts 250 watts
Shader Model 5.0 5.0
Bandwidth 192384 MB/sec 264000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 49408 Mtexels/sec 118400 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 37056 Mpixels/sec 29600 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be transferred across the external memory interface in a second. It is calculated by multiplying the bus width by the speed of its memory. If the card has DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the video card could possibly write to the local memory in one second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the number of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for filling the screen with pixels (the image). The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the max fill rate.

Comments

3 Responses to “GeForce GTX 580 vs Radeon HD 7970”
kazamajean says:

hmmm it seems hd770 won in memory bus and texel rate but the 580 won the pixel rate, but who is the best among them?

tim says:

yes the 7970 is the winner, because of its 140% win over the 580 in the texel rate :D

Vemri says:

AMD 7970 absolutely more fast than 580, but they still can't handle physx engine in some way they been kicked by Nvidia 2010 card technology.
it depend on your gaming needs and specification.
in this case (hi-end gaming) i am still in the "GREEN" side. they are fast as well.
but for my brothers PC i chose AMD beast gaming machine for the mid-end gaming.

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