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Radeon HD 3870 512MB vs Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB

Intro

The Radeon HD 3870 512MB makes use of a 55 nm design. AMD has clocked the core speed at 775 MHz. The GDDR3 RAM runs at a frequency of 900 MHz on this particular card. It features 320(64x5) SPUs along with 16 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB, which has core clock speeds of 800 MHz on the GPU, and 1000 MHz on the 1024 MB of GDDR5 RAM. It features 480 SPUs as well as 24 Texture Address Units and 8 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 63 Watts
Radeon HD 3870 512MB 106 Watts
Difference: 43 Watts (68%)

Memory Bandwidth

The Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB should theoretically be a little bit faster than the Radeon HD 3870 512MB in general. (explain)

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 64000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 3870 512MB 57600 MB/sec
Difference: 6400 (11%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB will be a lot (approximately 55%) better at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 3870 512MB. (explain)

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 19200 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 3870 512MB 12400 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 6800 (55%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 3870 512MB will be quite a bit (approximately 94%) more effective at FSAA than the Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB, and also capable of handling higher screen resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

Radeon HD 3870 512MB 12400 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 6400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 6000 (94%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 3870 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Radeon HD 3870 512MB Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Nov 19, 2007 February 2011
Code Name RV670 XT Turks
Fab Process 55 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16/AGP 8x PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 775 MHz 800 MHz
Shader Speed N/A MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 900 MHz (1800 MHz effective) 1000 MHz (4000 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 320(64x5) 480
Texture Mapping Units 16 24
Render Output Units 16 8
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.1
Power (Max TDP) 106 watts 63 watts
Shader Model 4.1 5.0
Bandwidth 57600 MB/sec 64000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 12400 Mtexels/sec 19200 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 12400 Mpixels/sec 6400 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be transported past the external memory interface within a second. It is worked out by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR type RAM, it must be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This number is worked out by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in a second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels the graphics card could possibly record to the local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate also depends on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the max fill rate.

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