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Radeon HD 3870 512MB vs Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB

Intro

The Radeon HD 3870 512MB has a GPU core speed of 775 MHz, and the 512 MB of GDDR3 memory is set to run at 900 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is comprised of 320(64x5) Stream Processors, 16 Texture Address Units, and 16 ROPs.

Compare those specs to the Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB, which has a core clock frequency of 800 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1000 MHz. It also makes use of a 128-bit bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is made up of 480 SPUs, 24 Texture Address Units, and 8 ROPs.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 63 Watts
Radeon HD 3870 512MB 106 Watts
Difference: 43 Watts (68%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB should in theory be a little bit superior to the Radeon HD 3870 512MB overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 64000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 3870 512MB 57600 MB/sec
Difference: 6400 (11%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB is a lot (more or less 55%) better at texture filtering than the Radeon HD 3870 512MB. (explain)

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 19200 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 3870 512MB 12400 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 6800 (55%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high resolution is important to you, then the Radeon HD 3870 512MB is the winner, and very much so. (explain)

Radeon HD 3870 512MB 12400 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 6400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 6000 (94%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 3870 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Radeon HD 3870 512MB Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Nov 19, 2007 February 2011
Code Name RV670 XT Turks
Fab Process 55 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16/AGP 8x PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 775 MHz 800 MHz
Shader Speed N/A MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 900 MHz (1800 MHz effective) 1000 MHz (4000 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 320(64x5) 480
Texture Mapping Units 16 24
Render Output Units 16 8
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.1
Power (Max TDP) 106 watts 63 watts
Shader Model 4.1 5.0
Bandwidth 57600 MB/sec 64000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 12400 Mtexels/sec 19200 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 12400 Mpixels/sec 6400 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the maximum amount of information (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transported over the external memory interface within a second. It's worked out by multiplying the bus width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR memory, it should be multiplied by 2 once again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The higher the memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied per second. This number is calculated by multiplying the total amount of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied per second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels the graphics card can possibly write to the local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is worked out by multiplying the amount of ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel rate is also dependant on lots of other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the ability to reach the maximum fill rate.

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