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Radeon HD 3870 512MB vs Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB

Intro

The Radeon HD 3870 512MB uses a 55 nm design. AMD has set the core speed at 775 MHz. The GDDR3 memory works at a speed of 900 MHz on this specific model. It features 320(64x5) SPUs as well as 16 Texture Address Units and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare all of that to the Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB, which uses a 40 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 800 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a frequency of 1000 MHz on this particular model. It features 480 SPUs as well as 24 Texture Address Units and 8 Rasterization Operator Units.

(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 63 Watts
Radeon HD 3870 512MB 106 Watts
Difference: 43 Watts (68%)

Memory Bandwidth

As far as performance goes, the Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB should theoretically be a bit superior to the Radeon HD 3870 512MB overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 64000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 3870 512MB 57600 MB/sec
Difference: 6400 (11%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB will be much (approximately 55%) more effective at texture filtering than the Radeon HD 3870 512MB. (explain)

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 19200 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 3870 512MB 12400 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 6800 (55%)

Pixel Rate

The Radeon HD 3870 512MB should be quite a bit (about 94%) better at AA than the Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB, and able to handle higher screen resolutions without losing too much performance. (explain)

Radeon HD 3870 512MB 12400 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 6400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 6000 (94%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Radeon HD 3870 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

Model Radeon HD 3870 512MB Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Nov 19, 2007 February 2011
Code Name RV670 XT Turks
Fab Process 55 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16/AGP 8x PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 775 MHz 800 MHz
Shader Speed N/A MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 900 MHz (1800 MHz effective) 1000 MHz (4000 MHz effective)
Unified Shaders 320(64x5) 480
Texture Mapping Units 16 24
Render Output Units 16 8
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.1
Power (Max TDP) 106 watts 63 watts
Shader Model 4.1 5.0
Bandwidth 57600 MB/sec 64000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 12400 Mtexels/sec 19200 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 12400 Mpixels/sec 6400 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Memory bandwidth is the max amount of data (counted in megabytes per second) that can be transported across the external memory interface in one second. It's worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR type memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The higher the card's memory bandwidth, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with AA, HDR and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum texture map elements (texels) that are applied in one second. This figure is worked out by multiplying the total number of texture units of the card by the core speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card could possibly write to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The figure is calculated by multiplying the number of colour ROPs by the the card's clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - aka Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on many other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth - the lower the memory bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

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