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Radeon HD 3870 512MB vs Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB

Intro

The Radeon HD 3870 512MB uses a 55 nm design. AMD has set the core frequency at 775 MHz. The GDDR3 RAM is set to run at a speed of 900 MHz on this model. It features 320(64x5) SPUs as well as 16 TAUs and 16 Rasterization Operator Units.

Compare those specifications to the Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB, which comes with a core clock speed of 800 MHz and a GDDR5 memory frequency of 1000 MHz. It also features a 128-bit memory bus, and uses a 40 nm design. It is comprised of 480 SPUs, 24 Texture Address Units, and 8 ROPs.

Display Graphs

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(No game benchmarks for this combination yet.)

Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 63 Watts
Radeon HD 3870 512MB 106 Watts
Difference: 43 Watts (68%)

Memory Bandwidth

Performance-wise, the Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB should in theory be a small bit better than the Radeon HD 3870 512MB overall. (explain)

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 64000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 3870 512MB 57600 MB/sec
Difference: 6400 (11%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB is quite a bit (about 55%) better at anisotropic filtering than the Radeon HD 3870 512MB. (explain)

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 19200 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 3870 512MB 12400 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 6800 (55%)

Pixel Rate

If using high levels of AA is important to you, then the Radeon HD 3870 512MB is superior to the Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB, and very much so. (explain)

Radeon HD 3870 512MB 12400 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB 6400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 6000 (94%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

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Radeon HD 3870 512MB

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 3870 512MB Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 1GB
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year Nov 19, 2007 February 2011
Code Name RV670 XT Turks
Fab Process 55 nm 40 nm
Bus PCIe 2.0 x16/AGP 8x PCIe 2.1 x16
Memory 512 MB 1024 MB
Core Speed 775 MHz 800 MHz
Shader Speed N/A MHz (N/A) MHz
Memory Speed 1800 MHz 4000 MHz
Unified Shaders 320(64x5) 480
Texture Mapping Units 16 24
Render Output Units 16 8
Bus Type GDDR3 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
DirectX Version DirectX 10.1 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.0 OpenGL 4.1
Power (Max TDP) 106 watts 63 watts
Shader Model 4.1 5.0
Bandwidth 57600 MB/sec 64000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 12400 Mtexels/sec 19200 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 12400 Mpixels/sec 6400 Mpixels/sec

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of information (counted in MB per second) that can be transferred over the external memory interface within a second. The number is calculated by multiplying the card's interface width by its memory clock speed. If the card has DDR memory, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If it uses DDR5, multiply by ANOTHER 2x. The better the card's memory bandwidth, the faster the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and high resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum amount of texture map elements (texels) that can be processed in one second. This figure is calculated by multiplying the total number of texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The better the texel rate, the better the graphics card will be at handling texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels applied in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the maximum number of pixels that the graphics card can possibly record to its local memory per second - measured in millions of pixels per second. Pixel rate is calculated by multiplying the number of ROPs by the the core clock speed. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - also sometimes called Render Output Units) are responsible for drawing the pixels (image) on the screen. The actual pixel fill rate also depends on quite a few other factors, especially the memory bandwidth - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to reach the max fill rate.

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