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Radeon HD 5850 vs Radeon HD 6670 (OEM)

Intro

The Radeon HD 5850 has a GPU clock speed of 725 MHz, and the 1024 MB of GDDR5 memory runs at 1000 MHz through a 256-bit bus. It also is made up of 1440(288x5) SPUs, 72 Texture Address Units, and 32 Raster Operation Units.

Compare all that to the Radeon HD 6670 (OEM), which makes use of a 40 nm design. AMD has clocked the core frequency at 800 MHz. The GDDR5 memory works at a frequency of 1000 MHz on this particular model. It features 480 SPUs along with 24 Texture Address Units and 8 Rasterization Operator Units.

Display Graphs

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Power Usage and Theoretical Benchmarks

Power Consumption (Max TDP)

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 63 Watts
Radeon HD 5850 151 Watts
Difference: 88 Watts (140%)

Memory Bandwidth

In theory, the Radeon HD 5850 should be 100% faster than the Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) overall, due to its higher data rate. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 128000 MB/sec
Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 64000 MB/sec
Difference: 64000 (100%)

Texel Rate

The Radeon HD 5850 is much (approximately 172%) faster with regards to texture filtering than the Radeon HD 6670 (OEM). (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 52200 Mtexels/sec
Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 19200 Mtexels/sec
Difference: 33000 (172%)

Pixel Rate

If running with a high resolution is important to you, then the Radeon HD 5850 is the winner, by a large margin. (explain)

Radeon HD 5850 23200 Mpixels/sec
Radeon HD 6670 (OEM) 6400 Mpixels/sec
Difference: 16800 (263%)

Please note that the above 'benchmarks' are all just theoretical - the results were calculated based on the card's specifications, and real-world performance may (and probably will) vary at least a bit.

Price Comparison

Display Prices

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Radeon HD 5850

Amazon.com

Radeon HD 6670 (OEM)

Amazon.com

Please note that the price comparisons are based on search keywords - sometimes it might show cards with very similar names that are not exactly the same as the one chosen in the comparison. We do try to filter out the wrong results as best we can, though.

Specifications

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Model Radeon HD 5850 Radeon HD 6670 (OEM)
Manufacturer AMD AMD
Year September 30, 2009 February 2011
Code Name Cypress PRO Turks
Memory 1024 MB 512 MB
Core Speed 725 MHz 800 MHz
Memory Speed 4000 MHz 4000 MHz
Power (Max TDP) 151 watts 63 watts
Bandwidth 128000 MB/sec 64000 MB/sec
Texel Rate 52200 Mtexels/sec 19200 Mtexels/sec
Pixel Rate 23200 Mpixels/sec 6400 Mpixels/sec
Unified Shaders 1440(288x5) 480
Texture Mapping Units 72 24
Render Output Units 32 8
Bus Type GDDR5 GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit 128-bit
Fab Process 40 nm 40 nm
Transistors 2154 million 715 million
Bus PCIe 2.1 x16 PCIe 2.1 x16
DirectX Version DirectX 11 DirectX 11
OpenGL Version OpenGL 3.2 OpenGL 4.1

Memory Bandwidth: Bandwidth is the max amount of data (in units of megabytes per second) that can be moved past the external memory interface in one second. The number is worked out by multiplying the interface width by its memory speed. In the case of DDR RAM, the result should be multiplied by 2 again. If DDR5, multiply by 4 instead. The better the bandwidth is, the better the card will be in general. It especially helps with anti-aliasing, High Dynamic Range and higher screen resolutions.

Texel Rate: Texel rate is the maximum number of texture map elements (texels) that are processed per second. This is worked out by multiplying the total texture units by the core clock speed of the chip. The higher this number, the better the card will be at texture filtering (anisotropic filtering - AF). It is measured in millions of texels processed in one second.

Pixel Rate: Pixel rate is the most pixels that the graphics card could possibly record to its local memory in a second - measured in millions of pixels per second. The number is worked out by multiplying the amount of Raster Operations Pipelines by the the core speed of the card. ROPs (Raster Operations Pipelines - sometimes also referred to as Render Output Units) are responsible for outputting the pixels (image) to the screen. The actual pixel fill rate is also dependant on quite a few other factors, most notably the memory bandwidth of the card - the lower the bandwidth is, the lower the potential to get to the maximum fill rate.

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